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World History Ch 29

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

In Latin America, writers are seen as artists who express the hopes of the people.
 

2. 

Rio de Janeiro is the Latin American city with the most notable example of modern architecture.
 

3. 

The international drug trade was virtually eliminated from all South American countries in 1978.
 

4. 

Latin American women have always been excluded from jobs in teaching, medicine, and law.
 

5. 

Prior to 1948, the United States had shown a willingness to send troops into Latin America to support dictators friendly to America.
 

6. 

Despite his victory in the 1973 elections, Allende was forced from power and killed.
 

7. 

Besides inflation, the Brazilian government was also crippled by massive foreign debt.
 

8. 

Brazil is Latin America's second largest country.
 

9. 

The workers for whose benefit and favor Peron directed his reform efforts were called "the shirtless ones."
 

10. 

Peron privatized the banking, insurance, shipping, and communications industries.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

During the 1980s, many Latin American governments came to believe all of the following EXCEPT that
a.
Latin American governments controlled too many industries.
b.
peasants should grow more food for home consumption.
c.
industrialization had been too rapid.
d.
increasing their debt would help Latin American economies.
 

12. 

One of the reasons that democratic reforms happened in some Latin American countries during the 1980s was
a.
the unwillingness of some military leaders to deal with debt problems.
b.
the rampant spread of feudalism through Latin America.
c.
the closing of the gap between rich and poor.
d.
the growth of foreign markets for Latin American goods.
 

13. 

Latin America’s economic problems were made worse by
a.
dramatic declines in population.
b.
dramatic increases in population.
c.
no growth in the middle class.
d.
dramatic growth of the large middle class.
 

14. 

After the establishment of the OAS in 1948, the United States did all of the following EXCEPT
a.
stop interfering in Latin American affairs.
b.
provide military aid to anti-Communist regimes.
c.
take action against pro-Communist governments.
d.
become more anxious about the spread of Communist regimes.
 

15. 

In One Hundred Years of Solitude, Márquez
a.
mixes realism and fantasy.
b.
depicts life in a Brazilian jail.
c.
combines fable with romance.
d.
integrates drama and improvisation.
 

16. 

All of the following were results of Mexico’s foreign debt crisis EXCEPT the
a.
privatization of government-owned companies.
b.
dissatisfaction with the PRI.
c.
election of Vicente Fox as president.
d.
creation of the Institutional Revolutionary Party.
 

17. 

As a result of bloody protests led by university students in the late 1960s, Mexico
a.
created a strict military dictatorship.
b.
stayed committed to one-party rule under the PRI.
c.
introduced political reforms and extended freedoms.
d.
invited U.S. troops to Mexico to restore order.
 

18. 

Relations between Cuba and the United States deteriorated when
a.
the Castro regime received aid from the Soviet Union.
b.
Cuba pulled its team out of the International Baseball League.
c.
José Duarte was elected president of Cuba.
d.
the Sandinistas won the presidential election and replaced Castro.
 

19. 

Even though their regime employed murder and torture to silence opposition, the corrupt, anti-Communist Somoza government in Nicaragua was
a.
basically, a decent group.
b.
supported by Castro.
c.
pro-Sandinista.
d.
supported until 1979 by the United States.
 

20. 

For most of the twentieth century, after Panama broke away from Colombia in 1903, with U.S. support, all of the following were true EXCEPT
a.
the United States controlled the Panama Canal.
b.
Panama was ruled by a wealthy oligarchy.
c.
the U.S. exerted extensive influence over the Panamanian government.
d.
the Panama Canal was blocked to U.S. shipping.
 

21. 

All of the following are associated with Salvador Allende’s regime EXCEPT
a.
nationalization of industries.
b.
higher wages for industrial workers.
c.
takeovers of estates by radical workers.
d.
harmony with the owners of the copper industry.
 

22. 

In 1987, Brazil’s runaway inflation rate hit
a.
8 percent.
b.
80 percent.
c.
800 percent.
d.
8,000 percent.
 

23. 

When democratically elected governments after World War II failed to solve Brazil’s economic problems, all of the following happened after 1964 EXCEPT
a.
the military seized control.
b.
government involvement in the economy was reduced.
c.
Brazil achieved an “economic miracle.”
d.
ordinary Brazilians benefited from economic growth.
 

24. 

To divert their citizens’ attention from economic problems in 1982, the Argentine military regime
a.
accepted across-the-board pay cuts.
b.
invaded the Falkland Islands.
c.
restored Juan Perón to power.
d.
transferred power to Great Britain.
 

25. 

After a failed Marxist revolution and brutal government reprisals, Colombian peasants turned to a new cash crop—
a.
coca leaves, used to make cocaine.
b.
tobacco, to compete with Cuba’s cigar industry.
c.
sugarcane, to sell to the Soviet bloc.
d.
corn, to become more self-supporting.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

26. 

The United States sent troops to Panama and arrested Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega in 1989 on ____________________ trafficking charges.
 

 

27. 

Worried by the Sandanistas' alignment with the Soviet Union, the United States supported their opponents, the ____________________.
 

 

28. 

In 1984, José Duarte was elected president of ____________________.
 

 

29. 

Prior to the collapse of Communist regimes in 1989, the Cuban economy had been heavily reliant on sales of its chief product, ____________________, to the Soviet bloc countries.
 

 

30. 

Castro and his forces overthrew the government of dictator Fulgencio ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Oscar Niemeyer
b.
magic realism
c.
multinational corporations
d.
García Márquez
e.
Organization of American States
 

31. 

companies with divisions in more than two countries
 

32. 

literary form developed in Latin America
 

33. 

received 1982 Nobel Prize for literature
 

34. 

Western Hemisphere political group
 

35. 

famous architect who designed some of Brasília’s buildings
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Manual Noriega
b.
Havana
c.
Batista
d.
economic embargo
e.
Bay of Pigs invasion
 

36. 

Cuba’s capital city
 

37. 

U.S.-backed attempted overthrow of Castro’s Cuba
 

38. 

Panamanian leader overthrown by President Bush
 

39. 

Cuban leader overthrown by Castro
 

40. 

U.S. economic weapon used against Cuba
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Augusto Pinochet
b.
Shining Path
c.
cooperative
d.
Salvador Allende
e.
Juan Perón
 

41. 

Argentine leader and hero until his death in 1974
 

42. 

brutal Chilean dictator
 

43. 

Marxist who was elected Chilean president in 1970
 

44. 

radical Peruvian guerrilla group
 

45. 

peasant-owned and operated farm organization
 



 
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