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World History Ch 28

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

The Russian parliament met in 1989 for the first time since 1918.
 

2. 

In 1991, a group in the Soviet Union tried to stop Gorbachev's reforms and to seize power.
 

3. 

The president of the Russian Republic, Boris Yeltsin, took over Gorbachev's duties as commander in chief.
 

4. 

Yeltsin tried to prevent Russia from adopting a free-market economy.
 

5. 

Brezhnev resisted the influx of Western music, dress, and art, and tried to restore traditional Russian culture.
 

6. 

President Nixon was impeached for lying to the American public.
 

7. 

President Carter's inability to deal with the Iranian hostage crisis contributed to his defeat.
 

8. 

President Nixon courted the votes of southern whites with "law and order" issues.
 

9. 

President Mitterand's socialist reforms stopped France's economic decline after 1981.
 

10. 

Increased unemployment and economic problems led to conflict over Germany's liberal immigration policies in the 1990s.
 

11. 

The Equal Pay and Sex Discrimination Acts gave legal support to equal rights for women.
 

12. 

The IRA's goal is to keep Northern Ireland part of Great Britain.
 

13. 

Karl Barth tried to revive Catholic teachings by stressing reason over grace.
 

14. 

Vatican Council II liberalized several Catholic practices, including the celebration of the mass in vernacular languages.
 

15. 

The Olympics are now funded chiefly by revenues from American television.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

16. 

By 1980, the Soviet Union was ailing from all of the following causes EXCEPT one. Which one?
a.
a declining economy
b.
rising infant mortality
c.
poor working conditions
d.
too many political reforms
 

17. 

President Reagan did all of the following EXCEPT
a.
provide aid to Afghan rebels.
b.
call the Soviets an “evil empire.”
c.
begin a military build-up.
d.
sign the Brezhnev Doctrine.
 

18. 

Gorbachev soon realized that economic reform would not succeed without
a.
a Five-Year Plan.
b.
tractors.
c.
political reform.
d.
destroying the United States.
 

19. 

President Carter protested the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan by
a.
starting an arms race.
b.
canceling U.S. participation in the 1980 Olympic Games.
c.
importing grain from the USSR.
d.
reuniting Germany.
 

20. 

The United States was inclined to sign a nuclear weapons treaty in 1990 because it needed to
a.
placate Russia.
b.
reduce military spending.
c.
invade Afghanistan.
d.
support Gorbachev.
 

21. 

In 1974, Tito had designated this region an autonomous or self-governing province within Yugoslavia.
a.
Serbia
b.
Slovenia
c.
Croatia
d.
Kosovo
 

22. 

The Yugoslav republics included significant numbers of
a.
Serb minorities.
b.
League of Nations mandates.
c.
Slovak majorities.
d.
Chechen rebels.
 

23. 

Walesa’s trade union movement was supported by workers and
a.
the Soviet Union.
b.
the Roman Catholic Church.
c.
secret police.
d.
Serbs.
 

24. 

In 1989, the government of East Germany ordered the tearing down of one of the last symbols of the Cold War, the
a.
missile silos of Minsk.
b.
Czech Republic.
c.
Berlin Wall.
d.
Munich Mural.
 

25. 

Poland’s free-market reforms under its new president in 1990 caused
a.
Soviet backlash.
b.
U.S. intervention.
c.
immediate prosperity.
d.
severe unemployment.
 

26. 

In 1993, Canada signed the North American Free Trade Agreement because it wanted to
a.
join the United States.
b.
make trade with the U.S. easier.
c.
reduce Mexican trade.
d.
settle the Quebec secession issue.
 

27. 

Pierre Trudeau’s Liberal government passed the Official Language Act that
a.
allowed both French and English to be used in the federal civil service.
b.
made English Canada’s official language.
c.
demanded that all provincial government officials learn French.
d.
demanded that all provincial government officials learn English.
 

28. 

President Clinton, elected in 1992, claimed to be a “new Democrat,” one who
a.
was younger than his opponent.
b.
promoted new ideas that the Republicans would not support.
c.
favored a number of what had been 1980s Republican policies.
d.
was from New England and lived in New Mexico.
 

29. 

The spending policies of the Reagan administration in the 1980s included all of the following EXCEPT one. Which one?
a.
cutbacks in spending on food stamps, school lunches, and job programs
b.
record budget deficits
c.
exceeding a one trillion dollar federal budget by 1987
d.
controls on inflation
 

30. 

The economic policies of the Thatcher government in the 1980s included all of the following EXCEPT one. Which one?
a.
attempted cutbacks in spending on social welfare
b.
restrictions on union power
c.
preserving local property taxes
d.
controls on inflation
 

31. 

In the early 1980s, the video music channel, MTV, changed the music industry by
a.
inventing the veejay.
b.
making image as important as sound in music sales.
c.
getting people to watch television.
d.
showcasing Elvis Presley.
 

32. 

In the 1960s, as television spread around the world, U.S. television programs
a.
became less popular.
b.
became popular in Europe and in non-Western nations.
c.
were replaced by European shows.
d.
got longer and had fewer commercials.
 

33. 

All of the following genres of music began in the United States and all are rooted in African American forms EXCEPT
a.
jazz.
b.
rock.
c.
rhythm and blues.
d.
reggae.
 

34. 

Challenged by President Kennedy in 1961, massive government funding and leaps in research and technology enabled the U.S. by 1969 to
a.
split the atom.
b.
find a low-cost alternative to polluting chemical fertilizers.
c.
land astronauts on the moon.
d.
create a wide-screen TV for a price under $5,000.
 

35. 

In the 1990s, some women and men rejected or attempted to redefine the concept of “feminism” to mean
a.
balancing career, family, and leisure time.
b.
female superiority.
c.
coed sports teams.
d.
a return to femininity for women.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

36. 

In 1990, free elections in Poland marked the end of 45 years of ____________________ rule.
 

 

37. 

On January 1, 1993 Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and____________________.
 

 

38. 

The Serbs revived memories of Nazi atrocities by following a policy of ____________________ toward Muslims.
 

 

39. 

When Milosevic refused to sign a peace plan with the Albanians in the province of ____________________, the U.S. and NATO forced the Yugoslavian government to cooperate.
 

 

40. 

After World War II, the six republics and two provinces that made up Yugoslavia were held together by dictator Josip Broz ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
creditor nation
b.
détente
c.
perestroika
d.
INF Treaty
e.
market
 

41. 

country that exports more than it imports
 

42. 

agreement to eliminate mid-range nuclear weapons
 

43. 

Gorbachev’s initial economic reforms
 

44. 

pre-1979 period of relaxed U.S.-Soviet tensions
 

45. 

economy influenced by consumer demand
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Lech Walesa
b.
Nicolae Ceausescu
c.
Václav Havel
d.
Slobodan Milosevíc
e.
Kosovo Albanians
 

46. 

organizer of Solidarity in Poland
 

47. 

former writer, elected Czech president in 1989
 

48. 

man who became leader of Yugoslav republic of Serbia in 1987
 

49. 

Romanian dictator executed in 1989
 

50. 

anti-Serbian-rule group
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
EEC
b.
budget deficit
c.
Parti Québecois
d.
euro
e.
Thatcherism
 

51. 

world’s largest single trading bloc by 1992
 

52. 

common currency established by the EU
 

53. 

British government economic policy in the 1980s
 

54. 

government spending in excess of revenues
 

55. 

French-Canadian separatist bloc
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Andy Warhol
b.
state-sponsored terrorism
c.
the Beatles
d.
Pope John Paul II
e.
Munich
 

56. 

terrorism aided by governments
 

57. 

well-traveled Catholic leader after 1978
 

58. 

1960s Campbell’s soup can pop artist
 

59. 

group that “invaded the U.S.” in the 1960s
 

60. 

site of the 1972 Olympics massacre of Israeli athletes
 



 
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