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World History Ch 27

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Soviet-controlled communist governments did not take hold anywhere where there had been a strong, democratic tradition.
 

2. 

Albania's Stalinist-type regime grew more and more independent of the Soviet Union.
 

3. 

In 1946, the Soviet Union declared that literary and scientific work must conform to the needs of the state.
 

4. 

The Soviets did not institute five-year plans and collectivization of agriculture in satellite states.
 

5. 

Khrushchev lessened the emphasis on consumer goods in favor of industry.
 

6. 

The number of people farming in Western Europe increased dramatically after World War II.
 

7. 

The number of people who were part of the middle-class decreased dramatically after World War II.
 

8. 

During de Gaulle’s presidency, the French economy grew at an annual rate of 5.5 percent.
 

9. 

Economic problems led the Conservatives to gain control of the British government in 1951.
 

10. 

Race riots increased dramatically during the 1960s and led to a "white backlash."
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

The city of Berlin, which was located deep inside the Soviet zone of a postwar divided Germany, was
a.
itself divided into four zones.
b.
occupied exclusively by the Allies.
c.
occupied exclusively by the USSR.
d.
made into a separate new country.
 

12. 

To stop the spread of communism, the United States adopted a policy toward the Soviet Union of
a.
appeasement.
b.
guaranteed protection.
c.
containment.
d.
foreign aid.
 

13. 

Unlike the United States’s Marshall Plan, the Soviet Union’s Council of Mutual Assistance failed because
a.
money was diverted to Japan.
b.
the Soviets could not afford large amounts of foreign aid.
c.
none of the satellite nations accepted Soviet money.
d.
the United States cut off Soviet bank credit.
 

14. 

The United States and Great Britain believed that the liberated nations of Eastern Europe should
a.
hold free elections to determine their futures.
b.
become mandates of the Allies.
c.
join the Soviet Union.
d.
restore their pre-war monarchies.
 

15. 

The Truman Doctrine was formulated, initially, as a response to the 1946 withdrawal of
a.
troops from Berlin.
b.
support for France.
c.
British aid to Greece.
d.
Greek aid to Turkey.
 

16. 

Even after Stalin’s death in 1953, the Soviet Union made it clear that it would NOT
a.
expand its empire.
b.
launch more satellites to spy on Western nations.
c.
try to control its satellite states.
d.
allow Eastern European satellites to become independent of control.
 

17. 

In response to Nagy’s declaration of Hungarian independence, Khrushchev reacted by
a.
attacking Budapest.
b.
withdrawing Soviet troops.
c.
annexing Yugoslavia.
d.
creating the Warsaw Pact.
 

18. 

In Czechoslovakia in 1967, a protest campaign led by writers
a.
forced the Communist leader to resign.
b.
increased sales of the writers’ books.
c.
was crushed by the Soviets.
d.
did away with reforms.
 

19. 

The “Prague Spring” of Alexander Dubcek was forestalled in 1968 when
a.
Dubcek became ill and incapacitated.
b.
the Soviet army invaded Czechoslovakia.
c.
summer arrived.
d.
the Soviets withdrew their troops.
 

20. 

Dubcek said that he wanted to create
a.
“communism with Stalin’s muscle.”
b.
“communism with heart.”
c.
“socialism with a human face.”
d.
“socialism with attitude.”
 

21. 

Much of Canada’s postwar growth, financed by U.S. investment, led to Canadian fears of
a.
NATO.
b.
becoming a welfare state.
c.
American economic domination.
d.
U.S. military invasion.
 

22. 

In the late 1960s, the writings of reformers like de Beauvoir created renewed interest in
a.
feminism.
b.
communism.
c.
socialism.
d.
capitalism.
 

23. 

Student protests of the late 1960s were reactions against all of the following EXCEPT
a.
the Vietnam War.
b.
university policies and administrations.
c.
alienation of the individual from society.
d.
communism.
 

24. 

Postwar birthrates rose in the late 1940s and 1950s, creating a
a.
shortage of cloth diapers.
b.
“baby boom.”
c.
rise in the number of working women.
d.
student revolt.
 

25. 

Increases in workers’ wages, increased credit, and built-up demand for postwar goods led to the creation of what some people have called the
a.
socialist state.
b.
consumer society.
c.
mall.
d.
“Good Buy America” program.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

26. 

After World War II, the Soviet government wanted to control Eastern Europe so it could feel secure about its western ____________________.
 

 

27. 

The Soviet Union responded to the Marshall Plan by founding the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, or ____________________.
 

 

28. 

The United States and the Soviet Union built up their armies and weapons in a postwar arms ____________________.
 

 

29. 

The search for security during the Cold War led the countries of the West to form a military alliance called ____________________.
 

 

30. 

To stem Soviet aggression in the East, the Allies created a military pact called ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Marshall Plan
b.
superpower
c.
Truman Doctrine
d.
Warsaw Pact
e.
Berlin Air Lift
 

31. 

country with both military powers and political influence
 

32. 

U.S. promise of anti-communism support
 

33. 

U.S. effort to re-build war-torn Europe
 

34. 

tactic used to overcome a Soviet blockade
 

35. 

military alliance of Soviet allies
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Tito
b.
de-Stalinization
c.
Sputnik I
d.
Dubcek
e.
heavy industry
 

36. 

Khrushchev’s policy of undoing his predecessor’s more ruthless policies
 

37. 

the manufacture of machines and equipment for factories and mines
 

38. 

first space satellite
 

39. 

Yugoslav leader who resisted Stalin’s control
 

40. 

Czechoslovakian reform leader and party secretary
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
chancellor
b.
welfare state
c.
segregation
d.
real wages
e.
bloc
 

41. 

nation in which the government provides services and a minimum living standard to all
 

42. 

the actual purchasing power of income
 

43. 

title of German head of state
 

44. 

group of nations with a common purpose
 

45. 

separation, for example, by race
 



 
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