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World History Ch 26

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Germany and Italy sent troops to Spain to help the revolutionaries fight France.
 

2. 

Italy sought Germany’s support after its invasion of Ethiopia.
 

3. 

Hitler wanted to pursue Anschluss, or union with his own homeland, Czechoslovakia.
 

4. 

Britain, France and Hitler tried to secure an agreement with Joseph Stalin.
 

5. 

Britain and France declared war on Germany because Hitler invaded Poland.
 

6. 

Ninety percent of the Jewish populations of Poland, the Baltic countries, and Germany were killed by Hitler.
 

7. 

About forty percent of all European Gypsies were killed in the death camps.
 

8. 

Three to four million Soviet prisoners of war were killed in captivity.
 

9. 

Approximately four million Poles, Ukrainians, and Belo Russians died as slave laborers under Hitler.
 

10. 

Nearly two out of every three European Jews died as a result of the Holocaust.
 

11. 

The ferocious bombing of Dresden may have killed as many as a hundred thousand Germans.
 

12. 

Between 1942 and 1943, Allied bombing virtually destroyed German industrial capacity.
 

13. 

The German bombing of London in 1940 destroyed British morale.
 

14. 

To maintain German morale during the war, Hitler refused to cut production of consumer goods.
 

15. 

African American soldiers were segregated from white soldiers in separate U.S. battle units during World War II.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

16. 

In 1940, Japan was forced to decide which it needed more,
a.
Indochina’s raw materials or U.S. oil and scrap iron.
b.
Russian support or Indonesia’s protection.
c.
U.S. raw materials or Saudi oil.
d.
industrialization or more factories.
 

17. 

In December 1936, Chiang Kai-shek ended his military efforts against the Communists and
a.
invaded French Indochina.
b.
formed a front against Japan.
c.
taught Japan how to industrialize.
d.
protested at the League of Nations.
 

18. 

Chamberlain’s Munich Conference with Hitler in 1938 resulted in Britain
a.
declaring war on Germany.
b.
feeling that war was at hand.
c.
feeling that peace was secured.
d.
invading Poland.
 

19. 

Hitler was confident that the Western states who had signed the Treaty of Versailles would
a.
not use force to maintain it.
b.
mobilize their military to enforce it.
c.
be concerned about Italy’s expansion in Africa.
d.
fear Germany more than Stalin.
 

20. 

Hitler planned to conquer the Soviet Union in order to
a.
secure an overland route to Japan.
b.
gain access to Moscow’s art treasures.
c.
pursue Soviet Jews.
d.
secure land and Slavic slaves to strengthen the Reich.
 

21. 

Truman wanted to avoid an invasion of Japan because he believed that
a.
Japan’s culture would be ruined.
b.
Japanese losses would be heavy.
c.
Americans would suffer heavy losses.
d.
the Japanese would use the atomic bomb.
 

22. 

Which country was referred to as the “soft underbelly” of Europe by Winston Churchill?
a.
Spain
b.
Italy
c.
Turkey
d.
Poland
 

23. 

The turning point of the war in Asia that established U.S. naval superiority over Japan in the Pacific was the Battle of
a.
Midway Island.
b.
Halfway Island.
c.
the Coral Sea.
d.
Pearl Harbor.
 

24. 

At the beginning of 1943, the Allies agreed to seek from the Axis Powers nothing short of
a.
the return of Poland.
b.
League of Nations mandates.
c.
an apology in writing.
d.
unconditional surrender.
 

25. 

Japanese leaders miscalculated American intent and thought that the United States would accept
a.
Japanese rule of California.
b.
Japanese domination of the Pacific.
c.
German control of Britain.
d.
Japanese control of Poland.
 

26. 

After 1941, Germany ruled some areas like Poland through direct annexation, but most of occupied Europe was run by German officials with
a.
large offices.
b.
help from the Allies.
c.
local collaborators.
d.
Italian helpers.
 

27. 

Japan had conquered Southeast Asia during World War II using the slogan
a.
“Asia for the Asiatics.”
b.
“Colonialism is God’s will.”
c.
“Rice for every worker.”
d.
“Slavery is freedom.”
 

28. 

Some people did not believe or acknowledge the full horrors of Hitler’s slaughter of civilians for all of these reasons EXCEPT one. Which one?
a.
World War I propaganda had exaggerated German atrocities.
b.
Some people pretended not to notice.
c.
Allied forces chose to focus on ending the war.
d.
Collaborators refused to help the Nazis hunt down Jews.
 

29. 

The victims of the Holocaust included large numbers of all of the following groups EXCEPT
a.
Jews.
b.
Slavic people.
c.
Gypsies.
d.
Italians.
 

30. 

Foreign diplomats tried to save Jews by
a.
issuing work permits.
b.
issuing exit visas.
c.
challenging Hitler.
d.
closing consulates.
 

31. 

Churchill called postwar Soviet policy in Eastern Europe the
a.
“Soviet Surprise.”
b.
“Red Retrenchment.”
c.
“Iron Curtain.”
d.
“Steel Magnolia.”
 

32. 

Stalin wanted to create a buffer to protect the Soviet Union from the West by creating
a.
demilitarized zones.
b.
satellite, pro-Soviet state governments.
c.
new democracies.
d.
a no-man’s land corridor.
 

33. 

At Yalta, the Big Three—the USSR, the United States, and Great Britain—all insisted that
a.
Germany surrender unconditionally.
b.
Germany rebuild its military.
c.
Russia give up communism.
d.
Russia occupy all former German territories in Eastern Europe.
 

34. 

The Tehran Conference in 1943 set in motion a plan that would ultimately result in
a.
Europe being divided into North and South.
b.
warfare between the West and Russia.
c.
the League of Nations.
d.
Germany being divided along a north-south line into East and West.
 

35. 

The Yalta Conference resulted in the Big Three powers agreeing to
a.
disarm.
b.
form the United Nations.
c.
allow the USSR to run Germany as a mandate.
d.
use the atomic bomb against Germany.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

36. 

The entire German Sixth Army was lost to the Russian defenders of ____________________.
 

 

37. 

In the summer of 1942, British forces stopped German General ____________________’s Afrika Korps at El Alamein.
 

 

38. 

Although ____________________ announced its intention to liberate Southeast Asian lands from colonial rule, the countries under its control were treated as conquered areas.
 

 

39. 

Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union was delayed by the failure of Mussolini’s invasion of ____________________ in 1940.
 

 

40. 

Hitler wanted to defeat the ____________________ in 1941 before winter set in.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Anti-Comintern Pact
b.
demilitarized
c.
Rome-Berlin Axis
d.
Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
e.
appeasement
 

41. 

alliance between Mussolini and Hitler
 

42. 

alliance between Germany and Japan
 

43. 

no weapons or fortifications permitted
 

44. 

policy of satisfying reasonable demands in exchange for peace
 

45. 

agreement between Hitler and Stalin
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
blitzkrieg
b.
Luftwaffe
c.
Normandy
d.
Maginot Line
e.
Pearl Harbor
 

46. 

Hitler’s “lightning war,” using air-supported panzer divisions
 

47. 

series of fortifications along France’s German border
 

48. 

the German air force
 

49. 

target of Japanese attack December 7, 1941
 

50. 

site of Allies’ D-Day invasion
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Auschwitz
b.
genocide
c.
Holocaust
d.
ghettos
e.
Ho Chi Minh
 

51. 

Hitler’s “Final Solution” for the Jews
 

52. 

crowded, designated containment or holding areas within cities for Jews
 

53. 

Hitler’s largest extermination center in Poland
 

54. 

the mass slaughter of European civilians, especially Jews
 

55. 

French Indochinese Communist leader
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
mobilization
b.
blitz
c.
Potsdam
d.
kamikaze
e.
Cold War
 

56. 

assembling and preparing for war
 

57. 

“divine wind”
 

58. 

British name for German air raids
 

59. 

postwar ideological conflict between the United States and the USSR
 

60. 

site of Truman’s demands for free elections in Eastern Europe
 



 
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