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World History CH 25

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Arabia, led by the governor of Makkah, declared independence from Ottoman rule in 1916.
 

2. 

The Ottoman sultan was deposed in 1909 by a group called the Young Turks.
 

3. 

Many European Jews fled to Saudi Arabia as a result of Hitler’s persecutions in Germany.
 

4. 

By 1920, many Jews lived in Palestine.
 

5. 

Countries in the League of Nations mandates included Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon.
 

6. 

Unlike other Communist leaders in China, Mao believed a revolution would be led by rural peasants.
 

7. 

Mao’s army in Jiangxi received reinforcements and was rescued by Communists from northwest China.
 

8. 

Chiang Kai-shek implemented Sun Yat-sen’s idea of a republican government.
 

9. 

Chiang’s “New Life Movement” tried to discourage Confucian social ethics.
 

10. 

Chiang’s programs called for a redistribution of wealth from the rich to the poor.
 

11. 

The Great Depression caused some Latin American governments to start new national industries such as oil and steel.
 

12. 

Military forces and military leaders avoided getting involved in Latin American governments.
 

13. 

The Great Depression reduced the demand in the U.S. and Europe for Latin American foodstuffs and raw materials.
 

14. 

When U.S. Marines pulled out of Haiti in 1936, there were no more U.S. troops in Latin America.
 

15. 

U.S. businesses sometimes used their profits to keep ruthless Latin American dictators in power.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

16. 

The Balfour Declaration of 1917 supported the idea of a
a.
Jewish homeland in Palestine.
b.
United Arab state.
c.
Palestinian homeland in Israel.
d.
Turkish state.
 

17. 

The new kingdom of Saudi Arabia earned great wealth after 1938 as a result of
a.
the tourism industry.
b.
the oil industry.
c.
Saud’s family wealth.
d.
return of Ottoman taxes.
 

18. 

The League of Nations established mandates to give certain European countries the right
a.
to explore for oil.
b.
to create a Turkish state.
c.
to support Zionism.
d.
to govern certain Arab territories.
 

19. 

In 1935, under the new Pahlavi dynasty, Persia became the state of
a.
Iran.
b.
Iraq.
c.
Turkey.
d.
Ottomania.
 

20. 

In retaliation for an uprising in 1915, the Ottoman Turks massacred over one million
a.
Jews.
b.
Egyptians.
c.
Armenians.
d.
Palestinians.
 

21. 

Without government approval, a Japanese military group in 1931 invaded
a.
Manchuria.
b.
Vietnam.
c.
India.
d.
Pakistan.
 

22. 

In 1930, the Muslim League called for the creation of a separate Indian Muslim state called
a.
Nehru.
b.
Islamabad.
c.
Pakistan.
d.
Manchuria.
 

23. 

Gandhi encouraged his followers to protest British laws by all of the following means EXCEPT
a.
withholding of taxes.
b.
boycotting British goods.
c.
using homemade salt.
d.
blowing up British railroad tracks.
 

24. 

Gandhi was called by his many Indian followers the “Mahatma,” which means
a.
Father.
b.
Great Soul.
c.
Messiah.
d.
King.
 

25. 

Colonial rule in Africa did not generally end, as many African leaders had hoped, after
a.
World War I.
b.
World War II.
c.
the Indian National Congress.
d.
the Ottoman Empire collapsed.
 

26. 

In 1923, the Nationalists and Communists in China formed an alliance against
a.
Japan and Korea.
b.
warlords and imperialist powers.
c.
Russia.
d.
peasants and the working class.
 

27. 

In 1933, the People’s Liberation Army
a.
defeated Chiang’s troops.
b.
began its own state.
c.
began its Long March.
d.
began its Great Fast.
 

28. 

In 1926, the Chinese alliance
a.
began its Northern Expedition.
b.
started a war with India.
c.
ended its Great Southern Trek.
d.
broke up.
 

29. 

In 1927, Chiang’s forces
a.
struck against Communist forces.
b.
elected Mao their leader.
c.
disbanded.
d.
attacked the Japanese.
 

30. 

Chiang believed all of the following EXCEPT that
a.
Japan was a serious threat to China.
b.
Japan was less dangerous than the Communists.
c.
“Communists are a disease of the heart.”
d.
the Imperialist powers should gain power in China.
 

31. 

Authoritarianism spread in Latin America during the 1930s largely because of
a.
the Great Depression.
b.
the rise of communism.
c.
American exports.
d.
fear of the powerful landowners.
 

32. 

After a dispute over workers’ wages, the Mexican government in the 1930s did all of the following EXCEPT
a.
pay back oil companies for their property.
b.
seize oil fields and foreign oil company properties.
c.
set up PEMEX, a Mexican national oil company.
d.
sign the Good Neighbor Treaty.
 

33. 

Diego Rivera’s art tried to do all of the following EXCEPT
a.
create a Mexican national art.
b.
portray Mexico’s past.
c.
spread Catholicism.
d.
carry a social message.
 

34. 

By 1945, Latin America’s chief industrial power was
a.
Brazil.
b.
Mexico.
c.
Argentina.
d.
Peru.
 

35. 

In 1930, the Argentine military seized power in order to do all of the following EXCEPT
a.
continue the old export economy.
b.
help spread communist ideals.
c.
stop the growth of the industrial working class.
d.
reestablish the power of the large landowners.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

36. 

After World War I, ____________________ was stripped of its African colonies.
 

 

37. 

By the 1930s, many African leaders began to call for ____________________, not just reform, from their colonial rulers.
 

 

38. 

W.E.B. DuBois, the leader of Pan-Africanism, was educated at ____________________ University.
 

 

39. 

The Indian National ____________________ was founded in 1885 to seek reforms to British rule in India.
 

 

40. 

The Indian independence movement’s secular, Western, and modern wing identified with Jawaharlal ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
secular
b.
shah
c.
genocide
d.
Ibn Saud
e.
Atatürk
 

41. 

deliberate mass murder of a group
 

42. 

“father Turk,” President Kemal
 

43. 

state that rejects religious influences
 

44. 

king of Iran
 

45. 

Arab nationalist leader
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
civil disobedience
b.
Pan-Africanism
c.
zaibatsu
d.
Ho Chi Minh
e.
Jomo Kenyatta
 

46. 

movement to unify all Africans
 

47. 

Kenyan writer and leader
 

48. 

refusal to obey laws considered unjust
 

49. 

large Japanese corporation
 

50. 

Vietnamese Communist revolutionary
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
tutelage
b.
Sun Yat-sen
c.
Mao Zedong
d.
Chiang Kai-shek
e.
guerrilla
 

51. 

leader of China’s Nationalist Party in 1921
 

52. 

leader of China’s Nationalist Party after 1925
 

53. 

warfare tactics that use surprise, sabotage, subterfuge
 

54. 

training
 

55. 

Chinese Communist Party leader
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
oligarchies
b.
Diego Rivera
c.
the Good Neighbor policy
d.
Getúlio Vargas
e.
Lázaro Cárdenas
 

56. 

Franklin D. Roosevelt’s policy rejecting the use of U.S. military force in Latin America
 

57. 

governments run by select groups of powerful people
 

58. 

Mexican president who distributed land to peasants in the 1930s
 

59. 

Mexican fresco artist who studied in Europe
 

60. 

Brazilian reformer who turned dictator
 



 
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