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World History Ch 24

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

The New Deal solved the unemployment problems in the United States.
 

2. 

British leaders embraced the theories of John Maynard Keynes.
 

3. 

The failures of the Weimar Republic paved the way for extremist solutions in Germany.
 

4. 

In the Kellogg-Briand pact, a number of nations pledged to denounce war.
 

5. 

The Dawes Plan in 1924 increased Germany’s war reparations payments.
 

6. 

Hitler wrote Mein Kampf while he was in jail for leading an armed uprising.
 

7. 

Hitler’s Nazi Party militia were known as the Redshirts.
 

8. 

Unemployment decreased to 6 million by 1937 under Hitler’s regime .
 

9. 

The Nazis believed that women were meant to be only wives and mothers.
 

10. 

The “Nuremberg Laws” required Jews to wear yellow Stars of David.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

The League of Nations was less than effective for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
a.
the United States did not join.
b.
the United States did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles.
c.
the league could use only economic sanctions.
d.
President Wilson did not support the idea.
 

12. 

The Great Depression was caused primarily by
a.
economic downturn and the U.S. stock market crash.
b.
failure of nations to reduce their military forces.
c.
new interest in Marxist theory.
d.
strengthening of European banks.
 

13. 

The Weimar Republic was hurt by all of the following EXCEPT
a.
lack of strong political leadership.
b.
serious social problems.
c.
too much spending on the German military.
d.
the Great Depression.
 

14. 

The economist, John Maynard Keynes, argued that
a.
depressions should be allowed to resolve themselves.
b.
depressions were incurable.
c.
unemployment came from decline in demand for goods and services.
d.
free economies never worked.
 

15. 

The French New Deal program started by France’s Popular Front
a.
solved the depression in France.
b.
failed to solve the depression in France.
c.
weakened workers’ rights.
d.
improved confidence in the French political system.
 

16. 

Parliamentary systems failed in most eastern European states, in part, because
a.
these states had little democratic tradition.
b.
the systems were weakened by repayments.
c.
the citizens were too well educated.
d.
they all had large middle classes.
 

17. 

Franco’s military regime in Spain was supported by
a.
the United States and Britain.
b.
Germany and Italy.
c.
Stalin and the Communists.
d.
France and Britain.
 

18. 

Stalin’s Five Year Plans were intended to transform Russia into
a.
an agricultural society.
b.
an industrial society.
c.
a democracy.
d.
a monarchy.
 

19. 

Lenin intended his economic policies to
a.
replace communism.
b.
create a permanent capitalist system.
c.
allow the economy to re-build itself.
d.
restore the Romanov dynasty.
 

20. 

Mussolini’s regime compromised with
a.
opposition parties in Italy.
b.
Italian Protestants.
c.
Italian Socialists and Communists.
d.
Italy’s traditional institutions.
 

21. 

Hitler inaccurately associated the concept of an Aryan race with all of the following groups EXCEPT
a.
ancient Greeks and Romans.
b.
Germans.
c.
Scandinavians.
d.
Jews.
 

22. 

Hitler ended Germany’s economic woes, unemployment, and the depression by
a.
putting women to work in factories.
b.
passing the “Nuremberg Laws.”
c.
public works projects and a rearmament program.
d.
building more churches and universities.
 

23. 

The Kristallnacht, which happened on November 9, 1938, was
a.
the inspiration for the anthem of the Nazi Party.
b.
a destructive rampage against German Jews led by Nazis.
c.
the signing of Hitler’s agreement with Russia.
d.
the creation of Hitler’s secret police under Heinrich Himmler.
 

24. 

Hitler’s goal was to create a
a.
Third Reich, or German Empire.
b.
Third Workers’ Party.
c.
Third Depression.
d.
Third Reichstag.
 

25. 

Hitler’s political theories were based on all of the following EXCEPT
a.
racism, especially anti-Semitism.
b.
Darwinian social struggle.
c.
communism.
d.
nationalism.
 

26. 

Artistic trends between the wars reflected a fascination with
a.
color and light.
b.
the absurd and the subconscious.
c.
reason and stability.
d.
faith in social structures.
 

27. 

Werner Heisenberg’s 1927 observations that emphasized the apparent randomness of subatomic particles is called
a.
Newtonian physics.
b.
splitting the atom.
c.
the uncertainty principle.
d.
physics of the unconscious.
 

28. 

Hermann Hesse’s Siddhartha and Steppenwolf were based on
a.
Joyle and Protestantism.
b.
Dali and Lama.
c.
Heisenberg and Judaism.
d.
Freud and Buddhism.
 

29. 

Nazi Germany considered modern art to be
a.
degenerate.
b.
nationalistic and patriotic.
c.
useful in propaganda efforts.
d.
a form of documentary.
 

30. 

The Nazi regime’s popular “Strength through Joy” program offered working people
a.
inexpensive vacations.
b.
courses in modern art.
c.
training in physics.
d.
political debates.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

31. 

Because Franco’s dictatorship did not try to control every aspect of life, it was ____________________ rather than totalitarian.
 

 

32. 

____________________ goods are items devoted to the production of other goods, such as heavy machinery.
 

 

33. 

Stalin had ____________________ expelled from the party and, probably, had him murdered.
 

 

34. 

The Spanish Civil War ended with Franco’s capture of ____________________.
 

 

35. 

The term ____________________ is derived from the Fascio di Combattimento or League of Combat.
 

 

36. 

Wireless radio waves were discovered by ____________________.
 

 

37. 

By 1939, about 40 percent of adults in the more industrialized countries attended at least one ____________________ a week.
 

 

38. 

By 1920, the ____________________-hour workday had become the norm in northern and western Europe.
 

 

39. 

Hitler’s propaganda minister, Joseph ____________________, created documentaries and popular feature films to carry the Nazi message.
 

 

40. 

James ____________________ used a technique called “stream of consciousness” in his novel Ulysses.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
collective bargaining
b.
depression
c.
active government
d.
deficit
e.
inflation
 

41. 

general rise in prices and pay rates
 

42. 

period of low economic activity and high unemployment
 

43. 

right of unions to negotiate with employees
 

44. 

the result of a government spending more than it takes in
 

45. 

nature of Roosevelt’s New Deal
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
New Economic Policy
b.
totalitarian state
c.
collectivization
d.
Politburo
e.
fascism
 

46. 

government that aims to rule by broad control
 

47. 

philosophy that values the state over the individual
 

48. 

Lenin’s scheme to replace war communism
 

49. 

leading policy-making committee in the USSR
 

50. 

elimination of private farms by Stalin
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Nazi
b.
Lebensraum
c.
Enabling Act
d.
Mein Kampf
e.
Austria
 

51. 

Hitler’s birthplace
 

52. 

National Socialist German Workers’ Party
 

53. 

Hitler’s philosophical work
 

54. 

Hitler’s right of superior nations to “living space”
 

55. 

legislation that gave Hitler supreme power
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
surrealism
b.
dadaism
c.
documentaries
d.
stream of consciousness
e.
photomontage
 

56. 

non-fiction films
 

57. 

art movement that sought a reality in the unconscious
 

58. 

literary technique of portraying innermost thoughts
 

59. 

absurdist art form
 

60. 

combination of individual photographs
 



 
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