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World History Ch 23

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

The first military draft in Europe was introduced in 1915.
 

2. 

Some historians believe that fear of revolution encouraged some leaders to pursue war in 1914.
 

3. 

Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian terrorist.
 

4. 

Germany gave Austria-Hungary no indication of support in 1914.
 

5. 

Russian generals argued that their army could not be only partially mobilized.
 

6. 

V. I. Lenin was sent to Russia by German military leaders to create disorder.
 

7. 

The Allies sent troops into Russia with the hopes of ending the revolution and of Russia rejoining the war.
 

8. 

The provisional government of 1917 was overthrown by the Bolsheviks.
 

9. 

Unlike the Reds, the anticommunist Whites shared a single-minded sense of purpose.
 

10. 

By 1921, the new communist regime rewarded the Allies for their help against the Whites.
 

11. 

France came to the 1919 peace talks prepared to help Germany recover.
 

12. 

Communist revolutions in Germany succeeded in Berlin and Munich.
 

13. 

One of France's chief concerns at the 1919 peace talks was its future national security against Germany.
 

14. 

Wilson's idea of a world organization like the League of Nations was aimed at preventing future wars.
 

15. 

The Treaty of Versailles left the Germans with a sense that they were being treated fairly by the Big Three.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

16. 

The Triple Alliance was a loose agreement of cooperation among
a.
Serbia, Germany, and Britain.
b.
Italy, Serbia, and France.
c.
Germany, Italy, and Russia.
d.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
 

17. 

Which one of the following is NOT considered a major cause of World War I?
a.
the growth of nationalism
b.
impressionism
c.
militarism
d.
internal dissent
 

18. 

Austria-Hungary feared that Serbia would
a.
create a large Slavic state.
b.
kill Archduke Ferdinand.
c.
invade Russia.
d.
invade Germany.
 

19. 

Germany viewed the Russian czar’s full mobilization of the army as an
a.
act of support for Austria-Hungary.
b.
act of kindness.
c.
act of war.
d.
act of bad judgment.
 

20. 

The German military plan devised by General von Schlieffen
a.
called for war on two fronts.
b.
relied on carpet-bombing.
c.
depended on help from Serbia.
d.
depended on French neutrality.
 

21. 

During the war, new roles in the workforce were created for women because
a.
they were experienced workers.
b.
so many men entered the military effort.
c.
women needed something to do.
d.
women demanded equality.
 

22. 

To maintain high morale and maintain support for the war among their citizens
a.
only the authoritarian regimes used propaganda.
b.
only the authoritarian powers allowed peace rallies.
c.
the democratic states used propaganda.
d.
the democratic states never resorted to exaggeration.
 

23. 

Air warfare in World War I involved all of the following EXCEPT
a.
the first long-range missiles.
b.
spotting enemy positions.
c.
attacking ground targets.
d.
shooting down enemy aircraft.
 

24. 

Across Europe, wartime governments
a.
maintained free-market conditions.
b.
set up planned economies.
c.
reduced their powers.
d.
deregulated prices, wages, and rent.
 

25. 

The United States entered the war largely over the issue of
a.
Serbian independence.
b.
trench warfare.
c.
German use of zeppelins.
d.
unrestricted submarine warfare.
 

26. 

Russia was unprepared for war in all of the following ways EXCEPT one. Which one?
a.
no competent military leaders
b.
weak armament industry
c.
poorly armed military
d.
no czar
 

27. 

Women workers in Petrograd marched in protest, then
a.
organized a general strike.
b.
learned to bake bread.
c.
consulted with Rasputin.
d.
joined the czar’s army.
 

28. 

Outwardly, Lenin turned over power to the all-Russian Congress of Soviets, then
a.
invaded Poland with a mercenary army of peasants.
b.
signed a peace treaty with the czar and became deputy czar.
c.
passed real power to a Council of People’s Commissars that he controlled.
d.
retired from politics and settled in the Ukraine.
 

29. 

Military opposition or other forms of challenges to the Red Army came from all of the following EXCEPT
a.
Siberian anti-Communists.
b.
Italian royalists who supported Lenin.
c.
Allied material aid to the anti-Communists.
d.
the Ukrainians.
 

30. 

Kerensky’s provisional government made the fatal mistake of deciding to
a.
continue the war.
b.
sign a peace treaty with Germany.
c.
assassinate the czar.
d.
continue the 300-year-old Romanov dynasty.
 

31. 

American president Wilson argued at the Paris Peace conference most strongly for
a.
forgiving Germany.
b.
restoration of Russia’s czar to end communism.
c.
a League of Nations to prevent future wars.
d.
the outright annexation of territories by the Allies.
 

32. 

To gain Arab support against the Ottoman Turks during the war, the Allies had promised to
a.
recognize independent Arab states.
b.
destroy the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
c.
keep Russia out of Egypt.
d.
buy Arabian oil.
 

33. 

Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was forced to do all of the following EXCEPT
a.
return Alsace and Lorraine to France.
b.
give up land to a new Polish state.
c.
pay for war damage.
d.
run Italy as a mandate.
 

34. 

The Treaty of Versailles was signed by the Big Three powers as a peace settlement with
a.
Germany, Austro-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey.
b.
Germany, Austro-Hungary, and Bulgaria.
c.
Germany and Austro-Hungary.
d.
Germany.
 

35. 

After German emperor William II fled the country in 1918, Germany formed a
a.
Communist soviet.
b.
democratic republic.
c.
constitutional monarchy.
d.
military dictatorship.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

36. 

Britain used its superior navy to impose a naval____________________ on Germany.
 

 

37. 

In the Middle East, a British officer known as ____________________ of Arabia urged Arab princes to revolt against their Ottoman rulers.
 

 

38. 

The stalemated opposing defense systems of trenches and barbed wire inside France was the war's Western ____________________.
 

 

39. 

The countries of the Triple Entente became known as the Allied Front or the ____________________.
 

 

40. 

The Ottoman Empire came into the war in August, 1914, on ____________________'s side.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
mobilization
b.
militarism
c.
Germany
d.
Russia
e.
conscription
 

41. 

military draft
 

42. 

aggressive preparation for war
 

43. 

readying troops and supplies for war
 

44. 

ally of Austria-Hungry
 

45. 

protector of Serbia
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
trench warfare
b.
propaganda
c.
zeppelin
d.
total war
e.
war of attrition
 

46. 

ideas spread to influence public opinion
 

47. 

warfare based on wearing down opponents
 

48. 

huge German airship
 

49. 

warfare based on protected lines of ditches
 

50. 

complete mobilization of resources and people
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Trotsky
b.
Duma
c.
soviets
d.
war communism
e.
Bolsheviks
 

51. 

Russian legislative body in 1917
 

52. 

representative councils of workers and soldiers
 

53. 

small faction of the Russian Social Democrat Party
 

54. 

Red Army’s commissar
 

55. 

temporary suspension of Communist practices
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
mandate system
b.
Lloyd George
c.
armistice
d.
Georges Clemenceau
e.
reparations
 

56. 

truce agreement
 

57. 

payments to cover war costs
 

58. 

governing without owning the territory
 

59. 

British prime minister in 1919
 

60. 

French premier in 1919
 



 
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