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World History Ch 22 Assessment

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

A struggle between Russia and Britain helped Tibet gain independence.
 

2. 

The One Hundred Days of Reform was supported by conservative court officials.
 

3. 

The Empress Dowager supported Guan Xu’s reform ideas.
 

4. 

The Boxers especially disliked Christian missionaries.
 

5. 

The Boxer Rebellion was crushed by forces that included troops from Germany and Japan.
 

6. 

In his writings, Ba Jin describes the disintegration of traditional values.
 

7. 

Mae Dun’s Midnight depicted the changing customs of China's rural people.
 

8. 

The changes that took place in China between 1800 and 1925 were most evident in the rural areas.
 

9. 

New crops brought to China during the nineteenth century increased food production and encouraged population growth.
 

10. 

The growth of industry and trade in Chinese cities created a national market for commodities.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

To improve their balance of trade with China, the British sold the Chinese
a.
porcelain.
b.
opium.
c.
tea.
d.
silk.
 

12. 

As a result of China losing the first Opium War to Britain, all of the following happened EXCEPT
a.
Britain received Hong Kong.
b.
five ports were opened to British trade.
c.
the British in China accepted Chinese laws.
d.
China paid for the cost of the war.
 

13. 

In the Treaty of Tianjin after the second Opium War, China agreed to
a.
legalize trade in opium.
b.
close several ports to trade.
c.
recognize Hong as leader.
d.
take back Kowloon.
 

14. 

The Qing dynasty’s “self strengthening” reforms included
a.
ending trade.
b.
adopting Western technology.
c.
moving toward democracy.
d.
eliminating Confucian ideals.
 

15. 

The Qing dynasty was weakened by all of the following EXCEPT
a.
war with Japan.
b.
disputes with Russia.
c.
warlord independence.
d.
a changing value system.
 

16. 

The coming of Westerners did NOT affect the Chinese economy in one of the following ways. Which one?
a.
introducing modern means of transportation
b.
creating an export market
c.
integrating the Chinese market into the world economy
d.
building a large middle class
 

17. 

Yuan tried to rule China without
a.
an army.
b.
understanding the influence of new Western ideas.
c.
dictating his views.
d.
the use of terror.
 

18. 

When the Nationalists’ rebellion failed,
a.
Sun Yat-sen fled to Japan.
b.
Sun Yat-sen surrendered.
c.
the Qing emperor was restored.
d.
Yuan turned back history to 1800.
 

19. 

When General Yuan Shigai died in 1916,
a.
the warlords surrendered.
b.
soldiers assisted the people.
c.
civil war erupted.
d.
the Nationalists seized power.
 

20. 

By 1925, many urban, middle-class Chinese people
a.
embraced Western art and literature.
b.
rejected all Western influence.
c.
celebrated the past.
d.
wrote their own novels.
 

21. 

The Meiji Restoration was responsible for all of the following EXCEPT
a.
weakening the power of the traditional nobles.
b.
creating a constitution.
c.
promoting industry.
d.
rejecting all Western ideas, even industrialization.
 

22. 

The Meiji reformers created a new imperial army in 1871, based on
a.
compulsory military service.
b.
the old feudal structure.
c.
the U.S. Marine Corps.
d.
the hiring of mercenaries.
 

23. 

The Meiji education system included all of the following features EXCEPT
a.
universal education.
b.
instruction in technology.
c.
Japanese-only teaching staffs.
d.
an American-style structure.
 

24. 

The Meiji Restoration developed Japanese interest in all of the following EXCEPT
a.
Western fashions.
b.
the shogunate.
c.
ballroom dancing.
d.
baseball.
 

25. 

The 1904 war between Russia and Japan resulted in
a.
the humiliating defeat of Russia.
b.
Russian control of Korea.
c.
greater respect for Russia round the world.
d.
more Japanese immigration to the U.S.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

26. 

The U.S. recognized Japan’s annexation of Korea in return for Japan’s recognition of American interest in ____________________.
 

 

27. 

By 1900, key new Japanese industries included shipbuilding, and the making of weapons and ____________________, which is Japanese rice wine.
 

 

28. 

The leaders who embarked upon the reforms of the Meiji Restoration were the ____________________, who had overthrown the shogun.
 

 

29. 

The first foreign power to succeed with Japan by using military pressure was the ____________________.
 

 

30. 

By 1800, the ____________________ shogunate had ruled Japan for two hundred years.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
spheres of influence
b.
extraterritoriality
c.
indemnity
d.
Boxers
e.
Open Door policy
 

31. 

division of exclusive trading rights with China
 

32. 

Hay’s proposal to ensure equal access to Chinese markets
 

33. 

members of a Chinese nationalist secret organization
 

34. 

payment to the injured for damages
 

35. 

European freedom from Chinese laws
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Sun Yat-sen
b.
provincial
c.
Guomindang
d.
Qing
e.
Revolutionary Alliance
 

36. 

local, as opposed to national
 

37. 

formed the Revive China Society
 

38. 

dynasty that ended in 1911
 

39. 

reform party that accepted General Yuan as president
 

40. 

new name for the Nationalist Party
 
 
Match each item with correct statement below.
a.
daimyo
b.
Port Arthur
c.
Commodore Perry
d.
prefectures
e.
concessions
 

41. 

U.S. presidential emissary to Japan
 

42. 

political compromises
 

43. 

traditional local Japanese nobles
 

44. 

territories of the new governors
 

45. 

Manchurian city seized by Japan
 



 
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