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Ch 21

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

At the beginning of the twentieth century, resistance movements to colonial rule in China stopped.
 

2. 

The Dutch East India Company used indirect rule to achieve its goals.
 

3. 

U.S. President McKinley saw the Philippines as a stepping-stone to Chinese markets.
 

4. 

The French in Southeast Asia formed the Union of French Indochina to stop British expansion.
 

5. 

Some Europeans viewed imperialism as a moral responsibility to civilize what they considered primitive cultures.
 

6. 

The Indians were generally treated as equals by the British.
 

7. 

Members of Gandhi’s movement believed in nonviolent resistance to British rule.
 

8. 

Between 1800 and 1900, improved British agricultural methods virtually eliminated hunger in India.
 

9. 

The British respected and preserved the Taj Mahal as an Indian sacred place.
 

10. 

The British encouraged the growing of food crops in India.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

The Spanish-American War resulted in
a.
a humiliating defeat for the U.S.
b.
an important peace conference.
c.
war with Thailand.
d.
new territories for the U.S.
 

12. 

All of the following came under French control except
a.
Vietnam.
b.
Cambodia.
c.
Thailand.
d.
Laos.
 

13. 

In 1800, the only two societies in Southeast Asia that were under European rule were
a.
the Philippines and the Dutch East Indies.
b.
Singapore and Laos.
c.
Laos and Thailand.
d.
Vietnam and Japan.
 

14. 

In Burma, the British
a.
activities led to the collapse of the Burmese monarchy.
b.
allowed the local king to rule on their behalf.
c.
agreed with France to let the country remain an independent buffer state.
d.
made King Mongkut emperor.
 

15. 

Colonial powers harmed their colonies by
a.
keeping wages low and taxes high.
b.
building railroads and highways.
c.
creating an entrepreneurial class.
d.
allowing some sharing of profits.
 

16. 

All of the following powers had colonies in West Africa by 1900, EXCEPT
a.
Britain.
b.
Germany.
c.
the United States.
d.
France.
 

17. 

After the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, Britain
a.
sold its share in the canal to France.
b.
took an active interest in Egypt.
c.
seized Morocco and Tunisia.
d.
removed all troops from Egypt.
 

18. 

After its defeat in Ethiopia in 1896, Italy
a.
abandoned its interest in colonialism.
b.
negotiated indirect rule.
c.
attacked the Suez Canal.
d.
seized Tripoli.
 

19. 

In the late nineteenth century, the real driving force behind colonization of Central Africa was
a.
Germany.
b.
Leopold II of Belgium.
c.
British queen Victoria.
d.
Italy.
 

20. 

By 1914, the only independent states in Africa were
a.
Liberia and Ethiopia.
b.
Rhodesia and Egypt.
c.
South Africa and Congo.
d.
Togo and Sudan.
 

21. 

What the British called the Sepoy Mutiny, Indians called the
a.
First War of Independence.
b.
Great Rebellion.
c.
Sepoy Offensive.
d.
Kanpur Massacre.
 

22. 

In 1876, Queen Victoria assumed the title of
a.
Ruler of Kanpur.
b.
Manager of the East India Company.
c.
Empress of India.
d.
Queen of Hindus.
 

23. 

British rule of India brought Indian society all of the following benefits EXCEPT
a.
order and stability.
b.
a new school system.
c.
railroads and telegraphs.
d.
tea.
 

24. 

British rule hurt India in all of the following ways EXCEPT
a.
the corrupt tax collection system.
b.
the destruction of local industries.
c.
the introduction of slavery of the Moguls.
d.
the reduction of food production.
 

25. 

The Indian National Congress
a.
demanded independence from Britain.
b.
asked to share the governing process.
c.
fought the Hindus.
d.
was a railroad connecting Nepal and Bombay.
 

26. 

The Mexican reform movement from 1855 to 1876 brought about all of the following EXCEPT
a.
separation of church and state.
b.
land distribution to the poor.
c.
an education system.
d.
voting rights for women.
 

27. 

José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar led South American independence movements against
a.
Spain.
b.
Portugal.
c.
the United States.
d.
Mexico.
 

28. 

Miguel Hidalgo, a hero of Mexican independence after 1810, had studied
a.
Marxist writings.
b.
the French Revolution.
c.
Prussian militarism.
d.
Freud’s theories.
 

29. 

Wealth, social prestige, and political power during the nineteenth century in Latin America were based on
a.
trade.
b.
capital.
c.
land.
d.
religion.
 

30. 

The economy of Latin America in the nineteenth century was dominated by
a.
Spain.
b.
Portugal.
c.
Britain.
d.
Mexico.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

31. 

The Boers warred frequently with the ____________________ after 1830 .
 

 

32. 

Cecil Rhodes named the territory north of the Transvaal ____________________.
 

 

33. 

The British tended to prefer ____________________ rule of their colonies.
 

 

34. 

In 1910, the British created the Union of South Africa by combining the Cape Colony with the ____________________ republics.
 

 

35. 

____________________ was created as a homeland for freed slaves from the United States.
 

 

36. 

In 1835, settlers in the Mexican state of ____________________ revolted against Santa Anna’s rule.
 

 

37. 

In 1822, the prince regent of Brazil declared Brazil’s independence from ____________________.
 

 

38. 

Creoles were considered second-class citizens by the ____________________.
 

 

39. 

Between 1807 and 1825, after Napoleon overthrew the monarchies of Spain and Portugal, most of Latin America became ____________________.
 

 

40. 

In the 1820s, the ____________________, who wished to trade with Latin America, proposed joint action with the U.S. against European powers.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
direct rule
b.
Singapore
c.
imperialism
d.
protectorate
e.
indirect rule
 

41. 

extension of a nation’s power over other lands
 

42. 

governing by working with existing political elites
 

43. 

replacement of local rulers with officials from the mother country
 

44. 

political unit dependent on another for protection
 

45. 

“city of the lion”
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Muhammad Ali
b.
David Livingstone
c.
Afrikaners
d.
annex
e.
Suez Canal
 

46. 

shortcut between Europe and Asia
 

47. 

Scottish explorer, missionary, and doctor
 

48. 

nineteenth-century Egyptian ruler
 

49. 

Dutch settlers in South Africa
 

50. 

incorporate a country within another state
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
viceroys
b.
Mohandas Gandhi
c.
British East India Company
d.
sepoys
e.
India
 

51. 

Indian soldiers hired by the British East India Company
 

52. 

British monarch’s representative rulers
 

53. 

Queen Victoria’s “Jewel in the Crown”
 

54. 

Indian independence champion
 

55. 

ruling British power in India before 1876
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
caudillos
b.
Santa Anna
c.
peninsulares
d.
Benito Juárez
e.
Monroe Doctrine
 

56. 

most privileged Latin American class
 

57. 

guarantee by the United States to protect Latin America from Europe
 

58. 

leaders of newly formed Latin American republics
 

59. 

Mexican ruler from 1829 to 1855
 

60. 

Mexican reform leader
 



 
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