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World History CH 20 Assessment

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Wilbur and Orville Wright made the first flight in a fixed-wing airplane.
 

2. 

Alexander Graham Bell sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic.
 

3. 

Electric lights helped increase factory production by allowing night shifts.
 

4. 

After 1870, wages dropped, while prices rose in Europe due to higher transportation costs.
 

5. 

By 1914, unions had improved the lives and working conditions of the working classes.
 

6. 

By the end of 1918, all British adult males and women over age 21 could vote.
 

7. 

The working class in Great Britain tended to support the Liberal Party.
 

8. 

In 1875, a new constitution created France’s Second Republic.
 

9. 

Conservative forces during the reign of German emperor William II supported democratic reforms.
 

10. 

Russia’s Nicholas II was a devout reformer and democratic champion of his people.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

What elements made possible the Second Industrial Revolution?
a.
textiles, railroads, iron, coal
b.
steel, chemicals, electricity, petroleum
c.
earth, air, fire, water
d.
concrete, timber, silk, spices
 

12. 

According to Marx, the means of production were owned by
a.
the ruling class oppressors.
b.
the working class oppressed.
c.
the government.
d.
the Proletariat.
 

13. 

The Second International was
a.
the trade group formed by Western nations.
b.
a German socialist party.
c.
Marx’s famous publication.
d.
an association of socialist groups.
 

14. 

One form of Marxist socialism was eventually called
a.
Engelism.
b.
Euroism.
c.
communism.
d.
proletariatism.
 

15. 

The under-industrialized nations of southern and eastern Europe
a.
reverted to monarchism.
b.
provided food and raw materials for the industrial countries.
c.
embraced the teachings of Marx.
d.
built automobiles for the Americas.
 

16. 

Compulsory elementary education eventually created a new demand for all of the following EXCEPT
a.
teachers.
b.
female colleges.
c.
newspapers.
d.
religious freedom.
 

17. 

Public education helped make people
a.
more patriotic.
b.
more blue-collar.
c.
less nationalistic.
d.
more leisure oriented.
 

18. 

Urban populations grew for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
a.
more jobs brought people to the cities.
b.
improved living conditions helped people in cities live longer.
c.
public works made urban life easier.
d.
the desire to return to nature.
 

19. 

The new wealthy elite in Europe consisted of aristocrats and
a.
the clergy.
b.
industrialists, bankers, and merchants.
c.
unions.
d.
teachers.
 

20. 

The European middle classes tended to believe in the ideals of
a.
servitude and women’s rights.
b.
tradition and classicism.
c.
hard work and moral conduct.
d.
leisure and religion.
 

21. 

Russia opposed Austria-Hungary over the 1908 annexation of
a.
Japan.
b.
Serbia.
c.
Romania.
d.
Bosnia.
 

22. 

The members of the Triple Alliance were
a.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
b.
Russia, France, and England.
c.
Greece, Serbia, and Montenegro.
d.
Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Italy.
 

23. 

The strongest military and industrial power in Europe by 1888 was
a.
the Germanic Confederation.
b.
the Germanic states.
c.
Germany.
d.
Prussia.
 

24. 

The principle of ministerial responsibility states that
a.
the prime minister is responsible to the monarch.
b.
the prime minister is responsible to the legislative, not executive, body.
c.
ministers must support executive officers.
d.
ministers are responsible to bishops.
 

25. 

Great Britain had a two-party system by 1871. What were the parties?
a.
Cavaliers and Roundheads
b.
Socialists and Royalists
c.
Democrats and Republicans
d.
Liberals and Conservatives
 

26. 

What do Monet, Renoir, Morisot, and van Gogh have in common?
a.
They contributed to the study of atomic particles.
b.
They contributed to Einsteinian physics.
c.
They did research to assist Freud.
d.
They were all Impressionist or Postimpressionist painters.
 

27. 

Einstein’s theory of relatively stated that
a.
the family is at the center of human consciousness.
b.
relatives carry similar genes.
c.
time, space, and matter were objective realities.
d.
space and time are relative to the observer.
 

28. 

According to Freud, human experience was strongly determined by
a.
past experiences.
b.
Newtonian physics.
c.
atomic structure.
d.
the natural rights of humankind.
 

29. 

Einstein’s theories led to all of the following conclusions EXCEPT
a.
matter is a form of energy.
b.
the atom contains vast energies.
c.
gene manipulation is possible.
d.
time and space depend on matter.
 

30. 

Scientific discoveries in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
a.
increased uncertainty about the universe.
b.
led to belief in a universe with certainty and precision.
c.
confirmed Newton’s ideas.
d.
confirmed Ptolemy’s ideas.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

31. 

Florence Nightingale and Clara Barton transformed ____________________ into a profession of trained, middle-class women.
 

 

32. 

____________________ are people who advocate the extension of political rights, such as voting rights.
 

 

33. 

Between 1890 and 1914, higher-paying jobs in industry made it possible for working-class families to depend on the income of ____________________ alone.
 

 

34. 

The ____________________ created customs surrounding the family Christmas, including the Yule log, tree, songs, and gift exchange.
 

 

35. 

Throughout the 1800s, the ____________________ declined, proving to be the most significant development in the modern family.
 

 

36. 

Freud used ____________________ to probe the past experiences and memories of a patient.
 

 

37. 

Marie Curie discovered that an element called ____________________ gave off atomic energy.
 

 

38. 

The Newtonian view held that matter was composed of solid material bodies called ____________________.
 

 

39. 

The ideas of Social Darwinism led Houston Stewart Chamberlain to believe that Germans were the only pure descendants of the ____________________.
 

 

40. 

Anti-Semitic feelings surfaced during the trial of French Captain Alfred ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
strikes
b.
dictatorship
c.
revisionists
d.
internal-combustion
e.
proletariat
 

41. 

the working class
 

42. 

Marxists who rejected violent revolution
 

43. 

organized work stoppages called by unions
 

44. 

absolute governmental power by an individual or group
 

45. 

engine type fired by oil or gasoline
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
unskilled labor
b.
literacy
c.
the family
d.
feminism
e.
white-collar workers
 

46. 

middle-class salespeople, clerks, secretaries, etc.
 

47. 

central institution of middle-class life
 

48. 

movement for women’s rights
 

49. 

workers without training or experience
 

50. 

the ability to read
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Reichstag
b.
Chamber of Deputies
c.
Duma
d.
St. Petersburg
e.
Triple Entente
 

51. 

French lower house
 

52. 

German parliament
 

53. 

site of the “Bloody Sunday” Russian massacre
 

54. 

Russian legislative assembly
 

55. 

1907 alliance among Great Britain, France, and Russia
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
modernism
b.
social Darwinism
c.
pogroms
d.
psychoanalysis
e.
anti-Semitism
 

56. 

idea that social progress comes from survival of the strong and fit
 

57. 

hostility and discrimination directed at Jews
 

58. 

art movement that rejected traditional styles
 

59. 

science pioneered by Freud
 

60. 

organized massacres
 



 
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