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Whorld History Ch 19 Assessment

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

British cotton imports declined by 25% between 1787 and 1840.
 

2. 

The water-powered loom increased cottage industry production.
 

3. 

Robert Fulton built the first paddle-wheel steamboat.
 

4. 

Cola is a product derived from coal used to burn away impurities in crude iron.
 

5. 

By 1850, railroad tracks crisscrossed much of Britain.
 

6. 

Darwin argued that human beings had their origins in simpler animal forms of life.
 

7. 

Beethoven was clearly a devotee of the classical, as opposed to the romantic, framework of music.
 

8. 

The Neo-Gothic style was a romantic revival of medieval architecture.
 

9. 

Many romantics felt that industrialization would bring people closer to nature.
 

10. 

Romanticism was a reaction against the Enlightenment’s emphasis on reason.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

Which of the following did NOT contribute to Britain’s Industrial Revolution?
a.
powerful monarchy
b.
improved food supplies
c.
large labor force
d.
abundant money supply
 

12. 

The textile industry met its last major challenge to full mechanization with the development of
a.
the flying shuttle.
b.
the water-powered loom.
c.
improvements to the steam engine.
d.
the spool.
 

13. 

The spread of the factory system resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
a.
the movement away from home production.
b.
poorer quality of iron.
c.
the need for more power.
d.
increased exports of British cotton goods.
 

14. 

The Industrial Revolution created new jobs in all of the following EXCEPT
a.
railroad construction.
b.
coal mining.
c.
factory production.
d.
farming.
 

15. 

The steam engine, used to drive machinery, was improved by
a.
James Hargreaves.
b.
James Watt.
c.
Robert Owen.
d.
Edmund Cartwright.
 

16. 

In 1848, revolutions took place in all of the following EXCEPT
a.
Britain.
b.
France.
c.
the German states.
d.
Italy.
 

17. 

The first president of the Second Republic in France was
a.
Napoleon Bonaparte.
b.
Louis-Napoleon.
c.
Metternich.
d.
Louis-Philippe.
 

18. 

The peace settlement that followed the defeat of Napoleon was developed at the
a.
Second Republic.
b.
Frankfurt Assembly.
c.
Congress of Vienna.
d.
Germanic Confederation.
 

19. 

After Napoleon, France was governed until 1830 by
a.
a king.
b.
an emperor.
c.
a constitutional monarchy.
d.
the Constituent Assembly.
 

20. 

Metternich claimed, after Napoleon’s defeat, that
a.
lawful monarchs should be restored.
b.
all monarchies should be abolished.
c.
liberal ideas should be encouraged.
d.
Napoleon had the correct vision.
 

21. 

The Compromise of 1867 did all of the following EXCEPT
a.
create the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
b.
create a single monarch to govern both Austria and Hungary.
c.
establish a common Austria-Hungary army.
d.
allow Huns within the empire to vote.
 

22. 

Louis-Napoleon assumed the title of Napoleon III, Emperor of France, and at first he
a.
limited civil liberties.
b.
expanded freedoms.
c.
restored the monarchy.
d.
formed a shared empire with Hungary.
 

23. 

A major threat to American national unity during the nineteenth century was
a.
the Revolutionary War.
b.
the War of 1812.
c.
slavery.
d.
liberalism.
 

24. 

Bismarck faced challenges to his authority from all of the following EXCEPT
a.
German Catholics.
b.
France.
c.
the legislature.
d.
the Prussian army.
 

25. 

Britain avoided any form of revolution in 1848 by
a.
giving the industrial middle class the vote.
b.
giving women the vote.
c.
building up the British army.
d.
expanding railroads.
 

26. 

Through music, literature, and painting, the romantic artists attempted to
a.
make people fall in love.
b.
express their love for women.
c.
stir the emotions.
d.
get people to reject modern innovations.
 

27. 

What do the writers Walter Scott, Mary Shelley, Edgar Allen Poe, and William Wordsworth have in common?
a.
They were all men.
b.
They were all English.
c.
They were all French.
d.
They were all romantic writers.
 

28. 

Romantic painters aimed to
a.
mirror the artist’s imagination.
b.
re-create nature.
c.
meet the highest standards of the École des Beaux-Arts.
d.
focus on the deplorable conditions of the urban poor.
 

29. 

Louis Pasteur proposed
a.
the concept of atomic weight.
b.
the germ theory of disease.
c.
a theory of electricity.
d.
that Darwin be excommunicated.
 

30. 

The realist novels of Flaubert and Dickens
a.
portrayed the world using the authors’ emotions and imaginations.
b.
criticized aspects of nineteenth-century life.
c.
argued for “survival of the fittest.”
d.
condemned Darwin as “godless.”
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

31. 

The meeting of the great powers to maintain peace after Napoleon’s defeat came to be called the ____________________ of Europe.
 

 

32. 

Liberals believed that freedoms should be guaranteed by a written document like the American Bill of ____________________.
 

 

33. 

The Congress of Vienna recognized the existence of 38 independent states called the Germanic ____________________.
 

 

34. 

In March 1848, demonstrations in the major cities of the Austrian Empire led to the dismissal of Klemens von ____________________.
 

 

35. 

The provisional government, after the French monarchy was overthrown in 1848, called for a Constituent ____________________.
 

 

36. 

The longest reign in English history was that of Queen ____________________ from 1837 to 1901.
 

 

37. 

After the Franco-Prussian War, France gave the provinces of ____________________ and Lorraine to the new German state.
 

 

38. 

The Russian peasants, “freed” by Alexander II’s emancipation edict, soon discovered that they did not have enough good ____________________.
 

 

39. 

The U.S. Constitution committed the United States to the principles of ____________________ and liberalism.
 

 

40. 

The economy of the Southern states in the U.S. before the 1860s was dependent on ____________________ labor.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
capital
b.
cottage industry
c.
socialism
d.
spinning jenny
e.
entrepreneurs
 

41. 

seekers of new business opportunities
 

42. 

money supply
 

43. 

production method using rural, at-home workers
 

44. 

governmental ownership and control of production
 

45. 

invention that improved thread production
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
conservatism
b.
liberalism
c.
universal male suffrage
d.
multinational state
e.
principle of intervention
 

46. 

belief in tradition and social stability
 

47. 

right of powerful countries to maintain order throughout Europe
 

48. 

belief that people should be free from government restraint
 

49. 

voting rights for all adult men
 

50. 

collection of different peoples under the same government, as in the Austrian Empire
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
militarism
b.
secede
c.
kaiser
d.
emancipation edict
e.
realpolitik
 

51. 

emperor
 

52. 

Bismarck’s theory of practical, as opposed to idealistic, governance
 

53. 

reliance on military strength
 

54. 

law that freed Russian serfs
 

55. 

withdraw from or choose not to be part of
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
natural selection
b.
realism
c.
romanticism
d.
secularization
e.
organic evolution
 

56. 

emphasis on using feelings and emotions over reason
 

57. 

literary movement that stressed ordinary characters, precise description
 

58. 

theory that some organisms are more adaptable
 

59. 

indifference to religion
 

60. 

theory that life forms develop from simpler forms
 



 
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