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World History Ch03


Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

1. 

The priestly class of Indian society was
a.
the Vaisyas.
b.
the Brahmans.
c.
the Sudras.
d.
the Kshatriyas.
 

2. 

Reincarnation is the Hindu belief that the individual soul
a.
is reborn in a different form.
b.
must follow the teachings of Siddhartha.
c.
must worship the leader as a god.
d.
of a woman is superior.
 

3. 

In Hindu belief, karma is a force that
a.
emanates from the Buddha.
b.
brings rains in summer.
c.
determines how a person will be reborn.
d.
serves the god Vishnu.
 

4. 

Siddhartha denied the reality of
a.
the Aryans.
b.
bodhi, or wisdom.
c.
nirvana, the end of self.
d.
the material world.
 

5. 

The Aryans developed a writing system called Sanskrit
a.
to record their religious writings and legends.
b.
to keep track of the monsoons.
c.
to suppress the Untouchables.
d.
to maintain the rigid class structure.
 

6. 

The Mauryan Empire flourished under Asoka who did all of the following except
a.
convert to Buddhism.
b.
build up India’s role in regional trade.
c.
set up hospitals.
d.
fear assassination.
 

7. 

Silk was especially desired by
a.
the Chinese.
b.
the Romans.
c.
Buddhists.
d.
Changan.
 

8. 

Chinese merchants traded luxury goods for
a.
spices, teas, porcelain.
b.
woolen and linen clothes, glass, precious stones.
c.
silk from Rome.
d.
Vedas.
 

9. 

By the late fifth century A.D., invasions by nomadic Huns
a.
reduced the power of the Guptas.
b.
earned large profits for the Guptas.
c.
resulted in the rise of architecture.
d.
drove out the Aryans.
 

10. 

In the first century A.D., in Bactria, known today as Afghanistan, the Kushan kingdom
a.
fought the Huns.
b.
invaded Persia.
c.
prospered from trade along the Silk Road.
d.
traded to obtain ivory, pepper, and textiles.
 

11. 

Chinese script used pictographs, which were
a.
based on Tao Te Ching.
b.
duty and humanity.
c.
symbols or characters representing an object.
d.
sound symbols.
 

12. 

The Legalists believed that a strong ruler was needed
a.
to support Daoism.
b.
to trade with the Indian Empire.
c.
to keep order.
d.
to show compassion.
 

13. 

Confucianism encouraged the idea of
a.
duty and humanity.
b.
the evil nature of humans.
c.
aristocratic warlords.
d.
following universal order.
 

14. 

Harmony with nature and the universal order are beliefs of
a.
Daoism.
b.
Confucianism.
c.
Zoroastrianism.
d.
the Legalists.
 

15. 

All of the following were used in ancient China EXCEPT
a.
the crossbow.
b.
alphabetic script.
c.
silk cloth.
d.
iron plows.
 

16. 

The system of walls linked by Qin Shihuangdi became
a.
the civil division.
b.
terra-cotta.
c.
the military division.
d.
the Great Wall of China.
 

17. 

All of the following existed during the Han Empire EXCEPT
a.
water mills.
b.
paper.
c.
gunpowder.
d.
iron casting.
 

18. 

The Qin and Han dynasties both
a.
had strong central governments.
b.
established religions.
c.
started civil wars.
d.
chose officials by birth.
 

19. 

In the Han Empire, land-owning farmers
a.
provided free labor.
b.
paid heavy taxes.
c.
had their farms enlarged.
d.
traded by sea.
 

20. 

In 1974, farmers east of Xian discovered
a.
Confucian classics.
b.
terra-cotta statues.
c.
the first rudder.
d.
the Great Wall.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement. With the following words

ancestors, Asoka, Bactria, burned, Chang Jiang, counties, civil service, deserts, Dharma, Gupta, Ganges, Ideographs, monsoon, Maurya, merit  rajas, untouchables, Xiongnu, zero, Zhou
 

21. 

The presence of the ____________________ was considered harmful to members of other classes.
 

 

22. 

Various Aryan leaders, known as ____________________, or princes, carved out small states in Ancient India.
 

 

23. 

Directly south of the Himalaya is the rich valley of the ____________________ River.
 

 

24. 

The chief feature of India's climate is the ____________________, a seasonal wind pattern in southern Asia.
 

 

25. 

Karma is ruled by the ____________________, the divine law that requires everyone to do their duty.
 

 

26. 

The first Indian empire was founded by Chandragupta ____________________, who ruled from 324 to 301 B.C.
 

 

27. 

The greatest ruler of the first Indian dynasty, and perhaps in Indian history, was ____________________.
 

 

28. 

The Kushan Kingdom began along the edges of India in ____________________, known today as Afghanistan.
 

 

29. 

The ____________________ Empire, which began in 320, was gradually reduced by the Huns.
 

 

30. 

Indian mathematicians developed a decimal system of counting and introduced the concept of ____________________.
 

 

31. 

____________________ are combinations of two or more pictographs.
 

 

32. 

Three major schools of Chinese thought developed during the ____________________ dynasty.
 

 

33. 

Two major rivers in China are the Huang He, or Yellow River, and the ____________________, or Yangtze River.
 

 

34. 

Geographical features such as mountains and ____________________  isolate China from other lands.
 

 

35. 

The Chinese believed strongly in the veneration of ____________________.
 

 

36. 

The ____________________ became a great challenge to Chinese communities in the northern frontier.
 

 

37. 

Books presenting ideas opposed to Qin dynasty views were ____________________.
 

 

38. 

Qin dynasty government had three levels:  central, provinces, and ____________________.
 

 

39. 

The Han dynasty kept the divisions of the central bureaucracy:  military, ____________________, and censorate.
 

 

40. 

Han & Qin rulers chose government officials based on ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Himalaya
b.
caste system
c.
Hinduism
d.
Aryans
e.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
 

41. 

the highest mountains in the world
 

42. 

major ancient cities of the Indus River valley
 

43. 

Indo-Europeans who invaded northern India
 

44. 

set of rigid social categories
 

45. 

belief in a single, universal force called Brahman
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Bhagavad Gita
b.
Aryabhata
c.
Silk Road
d.
stupa
e.
pilgrims
 

46. 

4000-mile transportation route stretching from China to Syria
 

47. 

the most famous section of the epic poem, the Mahabharata
 

48. 

type of religious structure originally meant to house relics
 

49. 

famous Indian mathematician
 

50. 

people who travel to religious places
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
filial piety
b.
Confucius
c.
Mandate of Heaven
d.
Daoism
e.
Shang
 

51. 

ancient Chinese dynasty 1750–1122 B.C.
 

52. 

Zhou dynasty claim to rulership
 

53. 

duty of family members to male head
 

54. 

“Master Kung” or First Teacher
 

55. 

system of ideas based on Laozi’s teachings
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
censorate
b.
Liu Bang
c.
Xiongnu
d.
Qin
e.
regime
 

56. 

new dynasty created in 221 B.C.
 

57. 

government in power
 

58. 

agency that checked on government officials
 

59. 

founder of the Han dynasty
 

60. 

nomadic people from south of the Gobi
 



 
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