Make your own free website on Tripod.com
 
    Name:     ID: 
 
    Email: 

World History Ch02

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Mesopotamia was the land between the Tigris and Nile Rivers.
 

2. 

The rainfall in Mesopotamia was not sufficient enough to allow agriculture.
 

3. 

The massive stepped towers used by the Mesopotamians were called ziggurats.
 

4. 

Society in ancient Mesopotamia was matriarchal—that is, dominated by women.
 

5. 

The principle of retaliation was part of Hammurabi’s system of justice.
 

6. 

Pastoral nomads domesticated animals to only use for clothing.
 

7. 

The Hittites were the first Indo-European peoples to use iron.
 

8. 

The Phoenicians used a system of 22 signs to represent their speech sounds.
 

9. 

King Solomon ruled over all of Palestine.
 

10. 

The Jews believed in a single God called Osiris.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

The term for a large political unit or state, usually under a single leader, controlling many peoples and territories is
a.
system of justice.
b.
empire.
c.
Gilgamesh.
d.
stylus.
 

12. 

The Mesopotamian religion, which identified nearly three thousand gods and goddesses, can be described as
a.
cuneiform.
b.
polytheistic.
c.
patriarchal.
d.
theocracy.
 

13. 

Around 2340 B.C., the Sumerian city-states were conquered by the Akkadians under their leader
a.
Sargon.
b.
Hammurabi.
c.
Gilgamesh.
d.
Anu.
 

14. 

The Sumerians invented all of the following technology EXCEPT
a.
the wagon wheel.
b.
a math system based on units of 60.
c.
the sundial.
d.
the watch.
 

15. 

The most famous piece of Mesopotamian literature is
a.
the Scribe.
b.
the Code of Hammurabi.
c.
The Epic of Gilgamesh.
d.
Ziggurat.
 

16. 

Egyptian history is divided into three major periods, known as the
a.
Upper, Lower, and Middle Kingdoms.
b.
Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms.
c.
First, Second, and Last Kingdoms.
d.
First, Second, and Third Kingdoms.
 

17. 

The development of Egyptian civilization was influenced most closely by
a.
invasions by other peoples.
b.
the Nile River.
c.
the building of pyramids.
d.
monogamous marriage laws.
 

18. 

The Egyptians developed an accurate 365-day calendar by basing their year
a.
on the movements of the moon and the star Sirius.
b.
on the sun and moon.
c.
on older Sumerian calculations of weather.
d.
on the pharaoh’s worship of the sun god.
 

19. 

Osiris is an important figure in Egyptian religion who symbolizes
a.
pyramids.
b.
war chariots.
c.
resurrection.
d.
flood control.
 

20. 

Upper and Lower Egypt were united into a single kingdom around 3100 B.C. by
a.
Hyksos.
b.
Khufu.
c.
Hatshepsut.
d.
Menes.
 

21. 

Small kingdoms and city-states in western Asia emerged
a.
when the Hittite kingdom ended and Egypt weakened.
b.
as Indo-European peoples formed Hittite empires.
c.
before 1200 B.C. when some cultures learned to use iron.
d.
the same time the Roman alphabet was invented.
 

22. 

The people known as the Israelites were
a.
a major factor in the politics of the Mediterranean area.
b.
important sea traders who established many colonies.
c.
inventors of an alphabet of 22 characters representing sounds.
d.
a distinct group, organized in tribes, who established a united kingdom.
 

23. 

The Hittite Empire was destroyed by
a.
the Israelites.
b.
the “Sea Peoples.”
c.
the Indo-Europeans.
d.
the Assyrians.
 

24. 

According to Jewish beliefs, there is only one God called
a.
Moses.
b.
Isaiah.
c.
Yahweh.
d.
Palestine.
 

25. 

The Jews believed that God made a contract with them called a(n)
a.
prophet.
b.
law.
c.
alphabet.
d.
covenant.
 

26. 

The king of the Chaldeans who rebuilt Babylon was
a.
Cyrus.
b.
Nebuchadnezzar.
c.
Darius.
d.
Ahuramazda.
 

27. 

The Immortals were professional cavalry and infantry forces
a.
that numbered at least ten thousand soldiers.
b.
that defeated Alexander the Great.
c.
that protected the wives of King Artaxerxes.
d.
that wrote the Zend Avesta.
 

28. 

Zoroaster taught all of the following EXCEPT
a.
Ahuramazda was the supreme god.
b.
Ahriman was the evil spirit.
c.
Yahweh created the universe.
d.
humans had free choice.
 

29. 

The Persian Empire was eventually weakened by
a.
struggles to control the throne.
b.
Zoroastrianism.
c.
the Assyrians.
d.
the satrap system.
 

30. 

Cyrus was called “the Great” because he
a.
showed no mercy to enemies.
b.
had no respect for other cultures.
c.
was a large man.
d.
showed wisdom and compassion.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

31. 

The Nile River empties into the ____________________ Sea.
 

 

32. 

The ____________________ had unlimited power.
 

 

33. 

The Nile Delta region is called ____________________ Egypt.
 

 

34. 

____________________ was used for writing and was made from reeds that grew along the Nile.
 

 

35. 

The ____________________ used horse-drawn war chariots to bring an end to the Middle Kingdom.
 

 

36. 

The Assyrian Empire was divided between the Chaldeans and the ____________________.
 

 

37. 

The Persians were an Indo-European people who lived in what is today ____________________.
 

 

38. 

The Persian Empire was unified under its first ruler, ____________________.
 

 

39. 

Ashurbanipal, the Assyrian king, built one of the world’s first libraries at ____________________.
 

 

40. 

The most famous religious leader of the Persian Empire was ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Uruk
b.
Code of Hammurabi
c.
irrigation and drainage ditches
d.
cuneiform
e.
Fertile Crescent
 

41. 

the arc of rich soil between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf
 

42. 

made farming in ancient Mesopotamia possible
 

43. 

independent city-state in Sumeria
 

44. 

collection of laws devised in ancient Babylon
 

45. 

Sumerian writing system
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
pharaoh
b.
Tutankhamen
c.
Amenhotep IV or Akhenaton
d.
hieroglyphics
e.
dynasty
 

46. 

a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family
 

47. 

Egyptian monarch’s title, originally meaning “great house”
 

48. 

complex system of writing meaning “sacred writings” that is made up of pictures and forms
 

49. 

boy-pharaoh who restored worship of the old gods in the New Kingdom
 

50. 

pharaoh who introduced the worship of a single god, Aton, god of the sun disk
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
pastoral nomads
b.
King Solomon
c.
monotheism
d.
Phoenicians
e.
prophets
 

51. 

migrating groups who domesticated animals for food and clothing
 

52. 

traders who lived in a narrow strip of land along the Mediterranean coast
 

53. 

religious teachers whose words became a source of ideals for social justice
 

54. 

belief in one god
 

55. 

ruler who built the temple in Jerusalem
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
the Royal Road
b.
satrapies
c.
satrap
d.
Darius
e.
Zoroastrianism
 

56. 

Persian provinces
 

57. 

Persian route from Lydia to Susa
 

58. 

governor of a Persian province
 

59. 

Persian religion
 

60. 

king who extended the Persian Empire to India
 



 
Submit          Reset Help