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WH Chapter1

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

In the first civilizations, governments were usually led by a council of elders.
 

2. 

Domestication refers to the adaptation of animals and crops for human use.
 

3. 

Metal can be made by heating metal-bearing rocks into a liquid.
 

4. 

In the new civilizations, a social structure based on economic power developed.
 

5. 

The Bronze Age lasted from 4,000 B.C. to A.D. 500.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

6. 

The earliest humanlike creatures that lived in Africa three to four million years ago were
a.
australopithecines or “southern apes.”
b.
Homo sapiens.
c.
Homo erectus.
d.
Neanderthals.
 

7. 

Paleolithic peoples moved from place to place following animal migrations and vegetation cycles. This pattern of living is called
a.
Old Stone Age.
b.
hominid.
c.
nomadic.
d.
prehistoric.
 

8. 

The study of past societies through an analysis of what people have left behind is
a.
history.
b.
radiocarbon dating.
c.
fossil analysis.
d.
archaeology.
 

9. 

By 30,000 B.C., Neanderthals had been replaced by
a.
Homo sapiens.
b.
Homo sapiens sapiens.
c.
Homo erectus.
d.
Homo Paleolithic.
 

10. 

The movement by early hominids from the tropics into colder regions was aided by the use of
a.
weapons.
b.
fire.
c.
horses.
d.
tools.
 

11. 

Early urban civilizations all developed religions primarily
a.
to make laws and regulate lives.
b.
to explain the working of the forces of nature and the fact of existence.
c.
to keep accurate records.
d.
to portray gods and goddesses or natural forces.
 

12. 

Because trade brought new civilizations into contact with one another,
a.
early river valley civilizations developed independently.
b.
painting and sculpture were developed.
c.
it often led to the transfer of new technology.
d.
rulers claimed that their power was based on divine approval.
 

13. 

The most complete definition of a civilization is
a.
any culture that uses written records and practices art and religion.
b.
the gathering of humans in farms, settlements, and villages.
c.
a social structure based on economic power.
d.
a complex culture in which a large number of humans share several common elements.
 

14. 

The emergence of civilization is marked by all of the following characteristics except
a.
the use of metal in making tools.
b.
growth of government.
c.
significant artistic activity.
d.
new social structure based on economic power.
 

15. 

The revolutionary change of the Neolithic Revolution was the shift
a.
from gathering food to growing and raising food.
b.
from having no control over fire to using fire as a tool.
c.
from using stone tools to manufacturing bronze.
d.
from living in villages to living in walled fortresses.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

16. 

Scientists can calculate the age of an object by measuring the amount of ____________________, or C-14, left in it.
 

 

17. 

The remains of ____________________ have been dated between 100,000 and 30,000 B.C. and have been found in Europe and Southwest Asia.
 

 

18. 

The word ____________________ refers to the ability of human beings to make things that sustain them and give them control over their environment.
 

 

19. 

One of the distinguishing features of the human species is the ability to make ____________________.
 

 

20. 

The most recent ____________________ began about 100,000 B.C. and ended about 8,000 B.C.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
artifacts
b.
Paleolithic Age
c.
prehistory
d.
anthropology
e.
hominids
 

21. 

period before writing was developed
 

22. 

humans and other creatures that walk upright
 

23. 

tools, paintings, pottery, weapons
 

24. 

study of human life and culture
 

25. 

early human history, approximately 2,500,000 to 10,000 B.C.
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Mesoamericans
b.
copper
c.
cities
d.
neolithic
e.
systematic agriculture
 

26. 

“new stone” in Greek
 

27. 

the keeping of animals and the growing of food
 

28. 

inhabitants of what are now Mexico and Central America, between 7000 and 5000 B.C.
 

29. 

first metal to be used in making tools
 

30. 

one of the chief features of civilizations
 



 
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