Make your own free website on Tripod.com
 
    Name:     ID: 
 
    Email: 

eco ch 12

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

In the 1800s, workers began to form unions to force employers to improve wages and working conditions.
 

2. 

The Taft-Hartley Act strengthened unions.
 

3. 

The AFL-CIO is an example of a local union.
 

4. 

Unions have less power in states with right-to-work laws than in other states.
 

5. 

It is illegal for a company to be a closed shop.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

6. 

Which of the following is an unskilled worker?
a.
nurse's aide
c.
bricklayer
b.
delivery person
d.
architect
 

7. 

The largest sector of the labor force is
a.
blue-collar workers.
c.
white-collar workers.
b.
farm workers.
d.
unskilled workers.
 

8. 

A word processor is
a.
a semi-skilled worker.
c.
a skilled worker.
b.
an unskilled worker.
d.
a professional.
 

9. 

The minimum wage law generally affects wages earned by
a.
unskilled workers.
c.
skilled workers.
b.
white-collar workers.
d.
professionals.
 

10. 

Which of the following does NOT affect wages?
a.
worker's skill
c.
location of jobs and workers
b.
type of job
d.
worker's savings
 

11. 

The word management refers to
a.
those in charge of a company.
c.
union leaders.
b.
unskilled workers in a company.
d.
skilled workers in a company.
 

12. 

Which of the following describes reactions to unions in the 1800s?
a.
state laws supported unions
c.
states passed laws against unions
b.
businesses favored unions
d.
workers opposed unions
 

13. 

Each of the following is illegal EXCEPT
a.
a presidential mandate to delay fire fighters from striking.
b.
a presidential mandate to delay auto workers from striking.
c.
paying higher wages to union members than nonunion members.
d.
hiring only employees who pledge not to join a union.
 

14. 

Which of the following describes a union shop?
a.
workers must be union members to be hired
b.
workers must join the union after a certain period of time
c.
workers are not required to join the union but must pay union dues
d.
workers are forbidden to join the union
 

15. 

Many states have passed right-to-work laws, which
a.
force workers to join unions.
c.
force unions to end strikes.
b.
forbid union shops and closed shops.
d.
outlaw unions.
 

16. 

Which of the following union contract issues deals with a cost-of-living adjustment?
a.
wages
c.
working conditions
b.
fringe benefits
d.
job security
 

17. 

The state of negotiations in which union and management submit the issues they cannot agree on to a third party for a final decision is called
a.
mediation.
c.
boycott.
b.
arbitration.
d.
injunction.
 

18. 

The purpose of picketing is to
a.
force workers to agree to a new contract.
b.
build public support for a strike.
c.
negotiate the conditions of employment.
d.
prevent workers from striking.
 

19. 

Under the Taft-Hartley Act, who can obtain an injunction against a strike that will endanger the nation's safety or health?
a.
the president of the company affected
b.
the president of the union
c.
the president of the United States
d.
the public
 

20. 

Since the 1940s, union membership has
a.
been outlawed.
c.
increased.
b.
decreased.
d.
stayed the same.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

21. 

The lowest legal hourly rate that may be paid to certain types of workers is set by the ____________________.
 

 

22. 

A person who is at least 16 years old and is employed or actively seeking work is a member of the ____________________.
 

 

23. 

Office workers, salespeople, physicians, and engineers are ____________________ workers.
 

 

24. 

____________________ workers are employed in crafts, manufacturing, and nonfarm labor.
 

 

25. 

____________________ are workers who are categorized by the level of education their jobs require.
 

 

26. 

_________________________ is the process by which unions and employers negotiate the conditions of employment.
 

 

27. 

A deliberate work stoppage by workers to force an employer to give in to their demands is a ____________________.
 

 

28. 

A method used by management to prevent strikers from returning to work until they agree to a contract is called a ____________________.
 

 

29. 

A _________________________ is the part of a union contract that provides for an additional increase in wages each year if the general level of prices rises beyond a certain amount.
 

 

30. 

In ____________________, a neutral person steps in and tries to get both sides to reach an agreement.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
civilian labor force
b.
blue-collar
c.
professionals
d.
white-collar
e.
service workers
 

31. 

people who provide services directly to individuals
 

32. 

total number of people 16 years old or older who are either employed or actively seeking work
 

33. 

category of workers employed in crafts, manufacturing, and nonfarm labor
 

34. 

individuals with college degrees and usually additional education or training
 

35. 

category of workers employed in offices, sales, or professional positions
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
labor union
b.
strike
c.
craft union
d.
industrial union
e.
closed shop
 

36. 

union made up of all the workers in an industry regardless of job or skill level
 

37. 

deliberate work stoppage by workers to force an employer to give in to their demands
 

38. 

association of workers organized to improve wages and working conditions for its members
 

39. 

company in which only union members may be hired
 

40. 

union made up of skilled workers in a specific trade or industry
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
collective bargaining
b.
picketing
c.
boycott
d.
lockout
e.
injunction
 

41. 

situation that occurs when management prevents workers from returning to work until they agree to a new contract
 

42. 

court order preventing some activity
 

43. 

process by which unions and employers negotiate the conditions of employment
 

44. 

activity in which workers walk up and down in front of a workplace with signs that state their reasons for striking
 

45. 

economic pressure exerted by unions urging the public not to purchase a company's goods or services
 



 
Submit          Reset Help