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World Geography Ch3

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Elevation does not influence climate.
 

2. 

Coastal lands tend to have more changeable weather than inland areas do.
 

3. 

The high latitudes have continuous daylight for 6 months of the year.
 

4. 

The direction of prevailing winds is determined by latitude and affected by the earth’s movement.
 

5. 

The surface features of the earth, such as mountains, can affect climate.
 

6. 

Elevation can determine a region’s climate regardless of its latitude.
 

7. 

The 4 mid-latitude climates are temperate.
 

8. 

Tropical rain forests are cool and rainy all year.
 

9. 

In tundra regions the layer of thawed soil is very thin.
 

10. 

Scientists know for certain which factors cause climates to change.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

The earth’s position in relation to the sun is the main influence on
a.
global warming.
b.
rotation.
c.
climate.
d.
radiation.
 

12. 

The angle of Earth’s tilt affects
a.
temperatures.
b.
weather.
c.
global warming.
d.
the atmosphere.
 

13. 

An increase in greenhouse gases might be contributing to
a.
ice caps.
b.
atmospheric oxygen.
c.
global cooling.
d.
global warming.
 

14. 

The earth completes one ____ when it travels once around the sun.
a.
axis
b.
revolution
c.
solstice
d.
hemisphere
 

15. 

The ____ marks the beginning of summer or winter.
a.
tilt
b.
equinox
c.
axis
d.
solstice
 

16. 

Places located in the ____ have warm to hot climates.
a.
high latitudes
b.
rain shadow
c.
low latitudes
d.
mid-latitudes
 

17. 

Clouds release moisture on the ____ of mountains.
a.
windward side
b.
leeward side
c.
peaks
d.
slopes
 

18. 

In an El Niño year, precipitation increases along the coasts of
a.
Hawaii.
b.
Southeast Asia.
c.
Europe and Africa.
d.
North and South America.
 

19. 

Cold ocean currents affect climate by
a.
warming land.
b.
cooling land.
c.
causing precipitation.
d.
flooding.
 

20. 

The ____ receive warm air masses in summer and cold ones in winter.
a.
mid-latitudes
b.
low latitudes
c.
high latitudes
d.
doldrums
 

21. 

Which of the following describes a Mediterranean climate?
a.
dry winters and very hot, dry summers
b.
mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers
c.
very cold winters and warm summers
d.
heavy rain throughout the year
 

22. 

The terms tropical, dry, mid-latitude, high latitude, and highlands identify
a.
vegetation.
b.
doldrums.
c.
climatic changes.
d.
climate regions.
 

23. 

In a ____ climate, ocean winds bring cool summers and damp winters.
a.
marine west coast
b.
tropical rain forest
c.
desert
d.
subarctic
 

24. 

In high latitude climates, ____ are common.
a.
ice ages
b.
deserts
c.
freezing temperatures
d.
climatic changes
 

25. 

Burning fossil fuels releases gases that form
a.
oxygen.
b.
acid rain.
c.
clouds.
d.
solar energy
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

26. 

Because of the tilt of the earth ____________________, not all places receive the same amount of direct sunlight at the same time.
 

 

27. 

The cycles of day and night are caused by the earth’s ____________________.
 

 

28. 

The latitude of 23 1/2 S is called ____________________.
 

 

29. 

The seasons are ____________________ north and south of the Equator.
 

 

30. 

Weather patterns over a long period of time are known as ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Tropic of Cancer
b.
atmosphere
c.
weather
d.
equinox
e.
midnight sun
 

31. 

the latitude of 23 1/2°N
 

32. 

short-term aspect of climate
 

33. 

traps heat and keeps it from escaping too quickly into space
 

34. 

permanent daylight found at the poles during summer
 

35. 

equal hours of daylight and nighttime
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
currents
b.
westerlies
c.
doldrums
d.
wind
e.
landforms
 

36. 

air moving across the face of the earth
 

37. 

windless area at the Equator
 

38. 

surface features that affect climate
 

39. 

prevailing winds in the middle latitudes
 

40. 

cold and warm streams of water
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
steppe
b.
tropical savanna
c.
subarctic
d.
ice age
e.
desert
 

41. 

climate region with the widest temperature ranges
 

42. 

dry area with sparse plant life
 

43. 

era when glaciers covered large parts of the earth
 

44. 

climate region with dry winters, wet summers, and year-round high temperatures
 

45. 

large and generally treeless grassland area
 



 
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