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World Geography Ch 8

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

The Amazon River is the world’s longest river.
 

2. 

The Caribbean Islands are also called the West Indies.
 

3. 

Spanish and Portuguese are the major languages of Latin America.
 

4. 

Latin America has a poor economy because it has few natural resources.
 

5. 

The Andean plateau called Patagonia is primarily located in Brazil.
 

6. 

The Amazon Basin shelters more species of plants and animals per square mile than any other place on earth.
 

7. 

Prevailing winds play no part in the climate of the Amazon Basin.
 

8. 

The glacier-topped Cordillera Sarmiento is located in Columbia.
 

9. 

Most Caribbean islands have a tropical savanna climate.
 

10. 

The most densely populated of the vertical climate zones is the tierra templada.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

Latin America’s system of rivers provides a source of energy called
a.
hydroelectric power.
b.
steam power.
c.
water power.
d.
electric power.
 

12. 

Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, lies along the
a.
Rio Grande.
b.
Río de la Plata.
c.
Amazon River.
d.
Uruguay River.
 

13. 

Oceangoing vessels can travel upstream on the Amazon about
a.
2,300 miles.
b.
4,300 miles.
c.
1,300 miles.
d.
3,300 miles.
 

14. 

The ____ forms the border between Mexico and the United States.
a.
Amazon River
b.
Andes Mountains
c.
Rio Grande
d.
Sierra Madre
 

15. 

____ is South America’s largest lake and contains some of Venezuela’s most important oil fields.
a.
Lake Nicaragua
b.
Río de la Plata
c.
Lake Titicaca
d.
Lake Maracaibo
 

16. 

Much of Latin America lies between the
a.
Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
b.
Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
c.
North Pole and the Tropic of Cancer.
d.
South Pole and the Tropic of Capricorn.
 

17. 

Which factor most greatly influences Latin America’s climates?
a.
distance from the Equator
b.
level of technology
c.
elevation
d.
proximity to the Pacific Ocean
 

18. 

Faced with dust storms, Argentine farmers
a.
increased the number of cattle on the land.
b.
stopped raising cattle altogether.
c.
moved to other countries.
d.
planted alfalfa, corn, and cotton to hold the topsoil.
 

19. 

The tierra fría has
a.
no people living in it.
b.
a climate unfavorable for human habitation.
c.
the most people of any climate zone.
d.
a very hot and wet climate.
 

20. 

What are the main crops grown in the tierra caliente?
a.
bananas, sugar, rice, and cacao
b.
potatoes and barley
c.
coffee and corn
d.
all of the above
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Sierra Madre
b.
altiplano
c.
estuary
d.
Andes
e.
cordilleras
 

21. 

the place where a tide meets a river current
 

22. 

mountain range in Mexico
 

23. 

parallel mountain ranges
 

24. 

high plain
 

25. 

mountain range along the western edge of South America
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
tropical savanna
b.
steppe
c.
overgrazing
d.
Atacama Desert
e.
Amazon Basin
 

26. 

climate zone known for hot summers, cool winters, and light rainfall
 

27. 

a cause of dust storms on the pampas
 

28. 

location of the earth’s largest rain forest
 

29. 

climate zone known for hot temperatures and rainfall most of the year
 

30. 

result of rain shadow from the Andes
 



 
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