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World Geography Ch 4 Reading Guide

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Part of the study of a culture involves examining people’s daily lives.
 

2. 

The world’s major religions include Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.
 

3. 

English and Hindi come from different language families.
 

4. 

In the 1700s and 1800s, some countries began to use machines and factories to mass-produce goods.
 

5. 

Increased wealth from trade prevented the development of cities.
 

6. 

A multinational company does business in many parts of the world.
 

7. 

Hydroelectric power is a nonrenewable resource.
 

8. 

Some scientists think that global warming could cause the level of the world’s oceans to rise.
 

9. 

People can help protect the environment by managing resources more carefully and developing alternatives to fossil fuels.
 

10. 

In developing countries, manufacturing is the primary economic activity.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

To determine ____, geographers divide the total population by the total land area.
a.
population growth
b.
population density
c.
negative population growth
d.
doubling time
 

12. 

Population density is an average and does not account for ____ population distribution.
a.
increased
b.
negative
c.
growing
d.
uneven
 

13. 

One challenge of rapid population growth is providing adequate
a.
population distribution.
b.
food production.
c.
urbanization.
d.
migration.
 

14. 

Countries experiencing negative population growth may have to
a.
import workers.
b.
export food.
c.
close borders.
d.
hire demographers.
 

15. 

Population distribution is strongly influenced by
a.
prevailing winds.
b.
ocean currents.
c.
geography.
d.
birthrate.
 

16. 

A key element in a culture’s development is
a.
language.
b.
migration.
c.
climate.
d.
diffusion.
 

17. 

Painting, architecture, and music often include
a.
ethnic groups.
b.
economic activities.
c.
social systems.
d.
religious symbols.
 

18. 

Governments are organized by ____ and types of authority.
a.
social systems
b.
levels of power
c.
cultural regions
d.
individual needs
 

19. 

Some influential culture hearths developed in areas that are now
a.
Egypt and Mexico.
b.
Finland and Greece.
c.
China and Canada.
d.
England and France.
 

20. 

A turning point called the ____ involved the use of computers.
a.
Industrial Revolution
b.
Information Revolution
c.
culture hearth
d.
Agricultural Revolution
 

21. 

Which system of government gives all powers to the national government?
a.
socialist monarchy
b.
unitary system
c.
autocracy
d.
oligarchy
 

22. 

One of the goals of ____ is the equal distribution of wealth.
a.
socialism
b.
autocracy
c.
democracy
d.
confederation
 

23. 

Habit and custom determine economic activities in a(n)
a.
market economy.
b.
traditional economy.
c.
command economy.
d.
oligarchy.
 

24. 

People can own businesses and make a profit in a ____ system.
a.
command economy
b.
communist
c.
unitary
d.
free enterprise
 

25. 

A ____ system of government divides power between national and state governments.
a.
democratic
b.
unitary
c.
federal
d.
socialist
 

26. 

The burning of fossil fuels is the main source of
a.
photosynthesis.
b.
water pollution.
c.
land pollution.
d.
air pollution.
 

27. 

Water, wind, and solar power are ____ resources.
a.
renewable
b.
nonrenewable
c.
hydroelectric
d.
unpolluted
 

28. 

____ farmers raise crops and livestock to sell.
a.
Environmental
b.
Industrialized
c.
Subsistence
d.
Commercial
 

29. 

The United States, Canada, and Mexico set up ____ to eliminate trade barriers.
a.
quotas
b.
embargoes
c.
NAFTA
d.
GATT
 

30. 

A limit on the quantity of a product that can be imported is a(n)
a.
ban.
b.
quota.
c.
embargo.
d.
barrier.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

31. 

The difference between and area’s birthrate and its death rate is its ____________________.
 

 

32. 

Throughout the world, many people are moving from rural villages to ____________________ areas.
 

 

33. 

Countries with similar numbers of people but different land areas have different ____________________.
 

 

34. 

The size of the world’s population ____________________ every year.
 

 

35. 

The growth of city populations is called ____________________.
 

 

36. 

In a ____________________ form of socialism, the government controls some industry, but the people have basic human rights.
 

 

37. 

In a ____________________ the leaders rule with the consent of the citizens.
 

 

38. 

In a direct democracy, the ____________________ decide on the issues.
 

 

39. 

Kings or queens that have complete power are called ____________________ monarchs.
 

 

40. 

A command economy is called either ____________________ or communism, depending on the extent of the government’s involvement.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
doubling time
b.
negative population growth
c.
demography
d.
metropolitan areas
e.
zero population growth
 

41. 

the birthrate and death rate are equal
 

42. 

the number of years it takes to double the population
 

43. 

the annual death rate exceeds the birthrate
 

44. 

the study of population
 

45. 

where many people live in densely populated countries
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
migration
b.
cultural diffusion
c.
language family
d.
social system
e.
nomads
 

46. 

large groups of languages having similar roots
 

47. 

changes in a culture through outside influences
 

48. 

groups of herders with no fixed homes
 

49. 

helps members of a culture work together
 

50. 

movement of people from one area to another
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
oligarchy
b.
confederation
c.
constitutional monarchy
d.
market economy
e.
communism
 

51. 

command economy with strict governmental control
 

52. 

a small group holds power
 

53. 

a king or queen shares power with elected representatives
 

54. 

loose union of independent territories
 

55. 

businesses make what they believe consumers want
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
nonrenewable
b.
embargo
c.
free trade
d.
subsistence farming
e.
acid rain
 

56. 

the removal of trade barriers
 

57. 

form of pollution that can destroy forests
 

58. 

resources that cannot be replaced
 

59. 

ban on any form of trade with another country
 

60. 

growing only enough food for family needs
 



 
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