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Guided Reading Ch. 3 World Gography

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
currents
b.
westerlies
c.
doldrums
d.
wind
e.
landforms
 

1. 

air moving across the face of the earth
 

2. 

windless area at the Equator
 

3. 

surface features that affect climate
 

4. 

prevailing winds in the middle latitudes
 

5. 

cold and warm streams of water
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Tropic of Cancer
b.
atmosphere
c.
weather
d.
equinox
e.
midnight sun
 

6. 

the latitude of 23 1/2°N
 

7. 

short-term aspect of climate
 

8. 

traps heat and keeps it from escaping too quickly into space
 

9. 

permanent daylight found at the poles during summer
 

10. 

equal hours of daylight and nighttime
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
steppe
b.
tropical savanna
c.
subarctic
d.
ice age
e.
desert
 

11. 

climate region with the widest temperature ranges
 

12. 

dry area with sparse plant life
 

13. 

era when glaciers covered large parts of the earth
 

14. 

climate region with dry winters, wet summers, and year-round high temperatures
 

15. 

large and generally treeless grassland area
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

16. 

Places located in the ____ have warm to hot climates.
a.
high latitudes
b.
rain shadow
c.
low latitudes
d.
mid-latitudes
 

17. 

Clouds release moisture on the ____ of mountains.
a.
windward side
b.
leeward side
c.
peaks
d.
slopes
 

18. 

In an El Niño year, precipitation increases along the coasts of
a.
Hawaii.
b.
Southeast Asia.
c.
Europe and Africa.
d.
North and South America.
 

19. 

Cold ocean currents affect climate by
a.
warming land.
b.
cooling land.
c.
causing precipitation.
d.
flooding.
 

20. 

The ____ receive warm air masses in summer and cold ones in winter.
a.
mid-latitudes
b.
low latitudes
c.
high latitudes
d.
doldrums
 

21. 

The earth’s position in relation to the sun is the main influence on
a.
global warming.
b.
rotation.
c.
climate.
d.
radiation.
 

22. 

The angle of Earth’s tilt affects
a.
temperatures.
b.
weather.
c.
global warming.
d.
the atmosphere.
 

23. 

An increase in greenhouse gases has contributed to
a.
ice caps.
b.
atmospheric oxygen.
c.
global cooling.
d.
global warming.
 

24. 

The earth completes one ____ when it travels once around the sun.
a.
axis
b.
revolution
c.
solstice
d.
hemisphere
 

25. 

The ____ marks the beginning of summer or winter.
a.
tilt
b.
equinox
c.
axis
d.
solstice
 

26. 

Which of the following describes a Mediterranean climate?
a.
dry winters and very hot, dry summers
b.
mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers
c.
very cold winters and warm summers
d.
heavy rain throughout the year
 

27. 

The terms tropical, dry, mid-latitude, high latitude, and highlands identify
a.
vegetation.
b.
doldrums.
c.
climatic changes.
d.
climate regions.
 

28. 

In a ____ climate, ocean winds bring cool summers and damp winters.
a.
marine west coast
b.
tropical rain forest
c.
desert
d.
subarctic
 

29. 

In high latitude climates, ____ are common.
a.
ice ages
b.
deserts
c.
freezing temperatures
d.
climatic changes
 

30. 

Burning fossil fuels releases gases that form
a.
oxygen.
b.
acid rain.
c.
clouds.
d.
solar energy
 



 
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