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World Geography Ch 20

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Mineral resources are not abundant in Africa south of the Sahara.
 

2. 

Africa’s overall surface is higher in elevation than that of any other continent.
 

3. 

The Sahara Desert prevents most land travel between North Africa and Africa south of the Sahara.
 

4. 

Water is scarce throughout Africa south of the Sahara.
 

5. 

Africa south of the Sahara extends to the sea in the east, west, and south.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

6. 

Lakes and rivers in Africa south of the Sahara
a.
are located in huge basins formed millions of years ago.
b.
drain to the north and east across the Sahel region.
c.
are few and far between because of the desert conditions.
d.
were formed within the last 3,000 years.
 

7. 

The nickname ____ refers to the Niger River.
a.
“little river”
b.
“wild and raging river”
c.
“great river”
d.
“blue river”
 

8. 

The Congo River is important because it
a.
reaches the sea in a shallow bed that people can cross on foot.
b.
reaches the sea in a deep, navigable estuary.
c.
flows into the interior of the continent with no ocean outlet.
d.
reaches the sea at Lagos, Nigeria.
 

9. 

Diamond deposits are located in Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo,
a.
Zambia, and Tanzania.
b.
South Africa, and Sierra Leone.
c.
Nigeria, and Kenya.
d.
all of the above
 

10. 

The Niger River is very important for both
a.
agriculture and transportation.
b.
shipbuilding and heavy industry.
c.
mining and water sports.
d.
tourism and high-tech industry.
 

11. 

The savanna of Africa has
a.
a dry climate all year.
b.
alternating wet and dry seasons.
c.
a wet climate all year.
d.
an unpredictable but often very cold winter season.
 

12. 

The climate in Africa south of the Sahara is
a.
the product of the Gulf Stream in the Pacific Ocean.
b.
influenced by arctic air masses.
c.
influenced by ocean currents and prevailing winds.
d.
very similar throughout the entire region.
 

13. 

Increasing populations of humans and livestock in the Sahel have
a.
had little effect on the land.
b.
stressed the land.
c.
improved its fertility.
d.
not created a problem.
 

14. 

Cash crops in this region’s tropical zone
a.
include bananas, pineapple, cocoa, tea, coffee, and rubber.
b.
were destroyed by the monsoons of the 1990s.
c.
have yet to be planted, but will be by 2010.
d.
include rice, corn, soybeans, lemons, and apples.
 

15. 

Many people are concerned that deforestation will
a.
provide new animal habitats.
b.
cause rain forests to disappear.
c.
not happen quickly enough.
d.
bring back the rain forests.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

16. 

In every part of Africa south of the Sahara, ____________________ determines climate and vegetation.
 

 

17. 

The ____________________ climate zone in the region is the tropical rain forest.
 

 

18. 

Much of Africa ____________________ of the Sahara lies within the tropics.
 

 

19. 

The lowest level of the rain forest contains ____________________, ferns, and mosses.
 

 

20. 

In Africa, ____________________ pose a serious threat to rain forests.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Lake Victoria
b.
Eastern Highlands
c.
Lake Chad
d.
Ruwenzori Mountains
e.
Drakensberg Range
 

21. 

body of water with no outlet to the sea
 

22. 

largest lake in Africa
 

23. 

part of the sharp escarpment in the southern part of the continent
 

24. 

dividing line between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
 

25. 

location of most of Africa’s mountains
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Sahel
b.
monsoon
c.
harmattan
d.
Kalahari Desert
e.
pula
 

26. 

“rain”
 

27. 

hot, dry northeast trade wind
 

28. 

steppe that forms the southern “coast” of the Sahara
 

29. 

cool, humid air from the southwest
 

30. 

area that lies partly in eastern Namibia
 



 
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