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Guided Reading 2-3

Matching
 
 
DIRECTIONS: Use the information in your textbook to complete the following outline.

I. The Water Cycle
A. (1.)                                  
1. Oceans
2. Lakes
3. (2.)
4. Other bodies of water
B. Water Is Constantly Moving
1. Water evaporates from the oceans
2. (3.)                                  
3. Precipitation sinks into the ground and collects in streams and lakes
4. (4.)                                  
II. Bodies of Saltwater
A. (5.)                                         
1. Most of the earths water is a large, continuous body covering the earth
2. Ocean water is converted to freshwater by desalination
B. Seas, Gulfs, and Bays
1. Smaller than oceans
2. (6.)                                               
III. Bodies of Freshwater
A. Three percent of the earths total water is freshwater
1. The Antarctic ice cap contains 70 percent of the earths freshwater
2. (7.)                                             
B. Lakes, Streams, and Rivers
1. (8.)                                                
2. Flowing water forms steams and rivers
3. (9.)                                                      
4. Rivers may combine to form river systems that may flow thousands of
C. Groundwater
1. From rain, melted snow, rivers, and lakes
2. (10.)                                                            
a.
Hydrosphere
f.
Precipitation falls to the ground
b.
Often partially enclosed by land
g.
Oceans
c.
Most lakes are completely surrounded by land
h.
Streams and lakes return their water to the ocean
d.
Wells and springs tap into groundwater
i.
Lakes, streams, and rivers contain less than one percent of the freshwater
e.
Rivers
j.
Streams may combine to form rivers
 

1. 

1                        
 

2. 

2                        
 

3. 

3                        
 

4. 

4                        
 

5. 

5                        
 

6. 

6                        
 

7. 

7                        
 

8. 

8                        
 

9. 

9                        
 

10. 

10                      
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
water cycle
b.
groundwater
c.
evaporation
d.
hydrosphere
e.
desalination
 

11. 

Earth’s bodies of water
 

12. 

freshwater beneath the earth’s surface
 

13. 

the movement of water through different forms
 

14. 

changing of liquid water into vapor
 

15. 

process of turning ocean water into freshwater
 

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

16. 

The total amount of water on the Earth changes each year.
 

17. 

The water cycle is driven by the sun.
 

18. 

The place where a river begins is its mouth.
 

19. 

Gulfs and bays are bodies of salt water smaller than oceans
 

20. 

Groundwater is the water in streams, rivers, and lakes.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

21. 

About 97 percent of the water on Earth circles the globe as
a.
rivers.
b.
oceans.
c.
rain.
d.
lakes.
 

22. 

Most cities began as settlements along
a.
rivers and lakes.
b.
glaciers.
c.
oceans.
d.
aquifers.
 

23. 

An underground rock layer saturated with water is
a.
the hydrosphere.
b.
a gulf.
c.
an aquifer.
d.
a glacier.
 

24. 

Most of the earth’s total freshwater is in
a.
the oceans.
b.
glaciers and ice caps.
c.
large lakes.
d.
desalination plants.
 

25. 

Water vapor changing into liquid water is called
a.
evaporation.
b.
desalination.
c.
condensation.
d.
thunderstorms.
 



 
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