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World Geography Ch 18

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Domesticated animals live in the wilderness.
 

2. 

Muslim countries in Central Asia gained independence before the breakup of the Soviet Union.
 

3. 

The Silk Road is the world’s longest oil pipeline.
 

4. 

The United Nations divided Palestine between the Arabs and the Jews.
 

5. 

North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia did not industrialize in the 1800s because they lacked natural resources.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

6. 

____ make up most of the people in North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia.
a.
Armenians
b.
Egyptians
c.
Christians
d.
Muslims
 

7. 

Which statement about the cities of this region is accurate?
a.
They are undeveloped but thriving.
b.
They are small compared to those in many regions of the world.
c.
They are challenged to improve their infrastructures.
d.
all of the above
 

8. 

____ are the most populated countries in this region.
a.
Egypt, Israel, and Georgia
b.
Egypt, Turkey, and Iran
c.
Egypt, Israel, and Saudi Arabia
d.
Jordan, Israel, and Georgia
 

9. 

The ____ is Israel’s largest source of freshwater.
a.
Sea of Galilee
b.
Dead Sea
c.
Jordan River
d.
West Bank
 

10. 

About ____ of the Jews in Israel are immigrants.
a.
5 percent
b.
25 percent
c.
50 percent
d.
75 percent
 

11. 

____ led the Mongols into Central Asia.
a.
Ibn Battuta
b.
Saddam Hussein
c.
Genghis Khan
d.
Samarqand
 

12. 

The Sumerians used a writing system called ____ to keep records.
a.
hieroglyphics
b.
calligraphy
c.
pictographs
d.
cuneiform
 

13. 

The Persian Gulf War
a.
drove Iraqi forces out of Iran.
b.
drove Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.
c.
drove Saddam Hussein from power.
d.
all of the above
 

14. 

Which of the following issues continue to stir conflict between Arabs and Israelis?
I.      water rights
II.      Palestinian refugees
III.      ownership of the West Bank and Gaza Strip
a.
II
b.
III
c.
I and II
d.
I, II, and III
 

15. 

In 2001, American and British forces bombed targets in Afghanistan in order to ____.
a.
overthrow Saddam Hussein’s government.
b.
acquire control of Hindu Kush mountain passes.
c.
force Afghanistan and Uzbekistan to negotiate a peace settlement.
d.
end Afghanistan’s role as a base for terrorist activities.
 

16. 

Shiite Muslims and Sunni Muslims have differing views about
a.
who should lead the Muslim community.
b.
which writings to accept as holy.
c.
translating the Quran into non-Arabic languages.
d.
what subjects should or should not be depicted in Islamic art.
 

17. 

____ are some of the languages spoken in this region.
a.
Hebrew, Berber, Kurdish, and Pushtu
b.
Arabic and Pali
c.
Farsi, Arabic, Berber, and Sanskrit
d.
all of the above
 

18. 

The majority of the countries in this region have a literacy rate of
a.
less than 50 percent.
b.
more than 75 percent.
c.
more than 90 percent.
d.
less than 25 percent.
 

19. 

The United Arab Emirates
a.
has an economy that depends upon tourism.
b.
bases its economy on agriculture.
c.
has a poor standard of living.
d.
is prosperous enough to hire workers from South Asia.
 

20. 

The population of this region is
a.
slowly increasing.
b.
slowly decreasing.
c.
growing rapidly.
d.
staying about the same.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

21. 

The Ottoman Empire was built by the ____________________.
 

 

22. 

The ____________________ believed that God gave them Canaan as a homeland.
 

 

23. 

In 1915, about 1 million ____________________ were relocated or killed by Turks.
 

 

24. 

Iranians speak the ____________________ language.
 

 

25. 

Kazakhs and Uzbeks are two of Central Asia’s ____________________ peoples.
 

 

26. 

The Sumerians built ____________________, or pyramid-shaped temples.
 

 

27. 

Cities in this region often have not only supermarkets but also traditional marketplaces known as ____________________.
 

 

28. 

The main language spoken in Israel is ____________________.
 

 

29. 

Because of a shortage of ____________________, health care in many parts of this region is available mainly in urban areas.
 

 

30. 

Muslim people are called to prayer ____________________ times a day.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Tehran
b.
Arabian Peninsula
c.
infrastructure
d.
Caucasus
e.
ethnic diversity
 

31. 

area in which the Arabic language originated
 

32. 

term referring to differences among groups based on language, customs, and beliefs
 

33. 

area inhabited by Armenians and Georgians
 

34. 

overcrowded capital of Iran
 

35. 

term referring to basic urban necessities like streets and utilities
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Fertile Crescent
b.
qanats
c.
New Testament
d.
Quran
e.
Torah
 

36. 

Islamic holy book
 

37. 

writings that present the life and teachings of Jesus
 

38. 

Hebrew Bible
 

39. 

underground canals developed by Persians
 

40. 

rich agricultural region
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
mosque
b.
bedouin
c.
Ramadan
d.
The Thousand and One Nights
e.
Shahnameh
 

41. 

collection of Arab, Indian, and Persian stories
 

42. 

desert nomad
 

43. 

Islamic place of worship
 

44. 

Islamic holy month of fasting
 

45. 

epic describing Persian history
 



 
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