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World Geography Ch 16

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Russia needs to improve its environment.
 

2. 

The waters of the Moskva and Volga Rivers are clean once again.
 

3. 

Russia has had only minor problems with nuclear power.
 

4. 

Russia contains the largest forest reserve in the world.
 

5. 

All nuclear wastes completely disappear after about 50 years.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

6. 

Why is public transportation important in Russia?
a.
Many people own cars.
b.
Most people live in cities, and many do not own cars.
c.
The government gives away cars to most people.
d.
Public transportation is entirely funded by private companies.
 

7. 

Under the Soviet Union, most people worked
a.
seven days a week.
b.
on ships bound for other countries.
c.
for themselves.
d.
in state-run factories or farms.
 

8. 

Russia’s main item for international trade is
a.
energy.
b.
machinery.
c.
agricultural products.
d.
high-tech items.
 

9. 

Between 1990 and 1995, the total value of goods and services produced in Russia
a.
increased by 50 percent.
b.
fell by 50 percent.
c.
stayed essentially the same.
d.
had little impact on the lives of the Russian people.
 

10. 

The Soviet Union made ____ its main economic focus.
a.
heavy industry
b.
the arts
c.
mining metals for export
d.
building highways throughout the country
 

11. 

What is Russia’s main environmental challenge today?
a.
continuing the conservation policies of the Soviet Union
b.
increasing industrial production to spare forests and farmland
c.
managing its resources without disregarding the environment
d.
stopping the use of nuclear and hydroelectric power sources
 

12. 

The Soviet Union ____ between 1949 and 1987.
a.
banned nuclear explosions
b.
set off more than 600 nuclear explosions
c.
decreased its dependence on nuclear power
d.
had fewer nuclear weapons than most countries in the world
 

13. 

After the Chernobyl accident, Soviet leaders
a.
shut down all nuclear power plants.
b.
built new nuclear power plants with stronger safeguards.
c.
did not open some new nuclear reactors.
d.
ignored protests from countries that had been affected by leaked radiation.
 

14. 

People who live around Lake Baikal have
a.
been pleased with industrial growth around the lake.
b.
protested the closure of plants that has cost them jobs.
c.
ignored environmental damage to the lake.
d.
protested pollution of the lake and forced some of the worst offenders to close.
 

15. 

The Soviet disregard for the effects of industrialization
a.
helped restore the nation’s environment.
b.
had little effect on the air, land, and water.
c.
severely damaged the country’s air, water, and soil.
d.
was halted by protesters during the 1950s.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

16. 

Russia depends on ____________________ and waterways for most of its transportation needs.
 

 

17. 

Under the Soviet Union, the state ____________________ and controlled all forms of mass communication.
 

 

18. 

Today, ____________________ is the most important Russian industry.
 

 

19. 

The primary way that crude oil and natural gas are transported throughout Russia is in ____________________.
 

 

20. 

At one time, Aeroflot was the only passenger ____________________ in the Soviet Union.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
perestroika
b.
demand
c.
Volga Valley
d.
Gosplan
e.
supply
 

21. 

one of Russia’s major manufacturing centers
 

22. 

economic term for items that are offered for sale
 

23. 

former Soviet program that, among other things, allowed people to start small businesses
 

24. 

economic planning committee of the Soviet state
 

25. 

economic term for people’s desire to buy things
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
World Bank
b.
Bering Sea
c.
Lake Baikal
d.
burning of soft coal
e.
Kamchatka
 

26. 

body of water into which Soviet nuclear materials were dumped
 

27. 

source of air pollution and acid rain
 

28. 

“the Pearl of Siberia” and site of polluting paper pulp factory
 

29. 

site of a mining operation that is opposed by many people
 

30. 

organization trying to help Russia manage its forests
 



 
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