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World Geography Ch 15

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Russia has one of the widest varieties of ethnic groups in the world.
 

2. 

The Caucasian peoples are mainly Muslims.
 

3. 

The Siberian climate is very mild.
 

4. 

Most Slavs are Buddhists or Hindus.
 

5. 

More than 100 languages are spoken in Russia.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

6. 

Today ____ is the official language of Russia.
a.
Slavic
b.
Russian
c.
Muscovy
d.
Ukrainian
 

7. 

Many Caucasian peoples today are
a.
asking for more social services from the Russian government.
b.
demanding independence or local self-rule.
c.
converting to Judaism.
d.
moving to countries where Islam is the state religion.
 

8. 

What is the population density of European Russia?
a.
about 73 people per square mile
b.
about 22 people per square mile
c.
about 120 people per square mile
d.
about 15 people per square mile
 

9. 

Russia’s population distribution is strongly influenced by
a.
the demands of world trade.
b.
its ethnic and religious diversity.
c.
the Pacific Ocean.
d.
its physical environment.
 

10. 

What percent of Russians live between the Belarus and Ukraine borders and the Ural Mountains?
a.
25 percent
b.
50 percent
c.
75 percent
d.
90 percent
 

11. 

In 1989 many countries in eastern Europe
a.
made a new alliance with the Soviet Union.
b.
established the European Union.
c.
overthrew their communist rulers.
d.
attacked Moscow and other cities.
 

12. 

After the fall of the Soviet Union, the government
a.
took over all the factories and farms.
b.
began moving toward a market economy.
c.
exercised much greater control over the economy.
d.
demanded that all trade with other nations cease.
 

13. 

The United States and the Soviet Union
a.
avoided outright conflict during the Cold War.
b.
fought each other in the Battle of Moscow.
c.
both benefited from the Cold War.
d.
disbanded their nuclear arsenals during the Cold War.
 

14. 

Under Peter the Great, Russia ____ in the late 1600s.
a.
stretched its resources too far and became a weak nation
b.
added territory, strengthened the military, and increased trade
c.
joined the Soviet Union
d.
lost territory but increased trade with Europe
 

15. 

During the 1800s many non-Russian ethnic groups, especially Jews,
a.
enjoyed new-found freedoms.
b.
gained political power.
c.
joined the military forces of Poland.
d.
faced prejudice and harsh treatment.
 

16. 

During the 1900s the Soviet government
a.
weakened the influence of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
b.
strongly supported the Eastern Orthodox Church.
c.
tended to favor Islam over Christianity.
d.
promoted religious freedom throughout the country.
 

17. 

During the Soviet era, May 1 was celebrated
a.
by working extra hours into the night.
b.
every other year.
c.
as the anniversary of Lenin’s birth.
d.
as a workers’ holiday.
 

18. 

After the fall of the Soviet Union, education
a.
stayed basically the same.
b.
focused almost entirely upon math, engineering, and science.
c.
changed dramatically as communist teachings disappeared.
d.
included only one type of high school for students to attend.
 

19. 

In czarist times Jewish people
a.
were harshly persecuted and could not live in many places.
b.
became the leaders of the Russian military.
c.
were elevated to positions of authority in local governments.
d.
disappeared entirely from Russia.
 

20. 

What did the Soviet government believe about art?
a.
Art was of little value.
b.
Art should glorify only the achievements of communism.
c.
Art should be owned by the wealthy segment of the population.
d.
Art was useful only as a weapon of capitalism.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

21. 

In March, 1917, the ____________________ established a representative government.
 

 

22. 

The city of ____________________ was built along the Gulf of Finland during the rule of Peter the Great.
 

 

23. 

In the early 1200s, ____________________ invaders conquered Kiev.
 

 

24. 

The Soviet satellite states provided critically needed ____________________ to the Soviet Union.
 

 

25. 

Mikhail Gorbachev implemented ____________________, or economic restructuring.
 

 

26. 

Most Russians who claim a religious affiliation belong to the ____________________ Church.
 

 

27. 

For several reasons, Russia’s population was ____________________ during the 1990s.
 

 

28. 

The Gulag Archipelago describes life in ____________________ camps under Soviet rule.
 

 

29. 

The main religion in the Caucasus and north of Kazahkstan is ____________________.
 

 

30. 

Some doctors and nurses in Russia are giving up their professions because they can make more ____________________ as cab drivers and store clerks.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
ethnic Russians
b.
Siberia
c.
Turkic peoples
d.
Caucasian peoples
e.
Slavs
 

31. 

group represented by more than 80 percent of the people of Russia
 

32. 

ethnic group that includes Chechens and Dagestanis
 

33. 

second-largest family of ethnic groups in Russia
 

34. 

group that includes ethnic Russians, Poles, and Serbs
 

35. 

region that makes up about 75 percent of Russia’s land and 25 percent of its people
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Karl Marx
b.
Joseph Stalin
c.
Kievan Rus
d.
Kremlin
e.
Muscovites
 

36. 

German philosopher who advocated a classless society
 

37. 

loose union of city-states organized by the Varangians
 

38. 

fortress built in Moscow by Ivan the Great
 

39. 

people who drove out the Mongols in the late 1400s
 

40. 

ruthless leader of the Soviet Union after Lenin’s death
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Prince Vladimir
b.
Leo Tolstoy
c.
Islam
d.
Buddhism
e.
Wassily Kandinsky
 

41. 

Russian painter
 

42. 

second-largest religion in Russia
 

43. 

leader who adopted Eastern Orthodox Christianity as an official religion
 

44. 

main religion of two republics: Kalmykia and Buryatia
 

45. 

novelist known for his epic novels about Russian life
 



 
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