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World Geography Ch 10

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Slash-and-burn farming has been successful in preserving farmland.
 

2. 

The development of Brazil’s interior has been disastrous for the Amazon rain forest.
 

3. 

Air pollution affects few urban dwellers in Latin American cities.
 

4. 

Environmental laws generally have been effective in controlling industrial pollution in Latin America.
 

5. 

Latin American governments are sharing technology to prepare for natural disasters.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

6. 

Which statement about the use of computers by Latin Americans is accurate?
a.
Most Latin Americans do not own personal computers.
b.
The majority of Latin Americans own personal computers.
c.
Latin Americans are hooked up to the Internet everywhere.
d.
Latin Americans use the Internet only at work.
 

7. 

Latin America is largely made up of
a.
highly industrialized countries with advanced technologies.
b.
countries that are becoming more industrialized.
c.
countries that have no industry.
d.
countries that export only high-tech goods.
 

8. 

Mexico is a major producer of
a.
iron and steel.
b.
oil and silver.
c.
electrical goods and airplanes.
d.
motor vehicles and textiles.
 

9. 

Road building in Latin America often has been slow because
a.
environmental concerns create delays in construction.
b.
a lack of funds and geographic barriers pose challenges.
c.
most people use airplanes to travel.
d.
people have depended upon good railway systems and see little reason for change.
 

10. 

Many Latin American farmworkers are migrating to cities because
a.
urban gardens increase the need for farming expertise.
b.
the air quality in cities has improved.
c.
there are fewer farm jobs because of mechanization.
d.
there are no jobs in rural areas.
 

11. 

More than 13 percent of the Amazon rain forest
a.
already has been destroyed.
b.
has been replanted.
c.
remains after deforestation programs.
d.
has been turned into successful agricultural communities.
 

12. 

Which of the following is the most direct result of having large numbers of migrants move to Latin American cities?
a.
a boom in the construction industry
b.
increasing shantytowns
c.
a demand for more teachers and doctors
d.
requests for foreign aid
 

13. 

In Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro, groups of homeless people
a.
have high-paying jobs.
b.
live in hotels at government expense.
c.
have turned abandoned city buildings into affordable housing.
d.
have helped to build new factories.
 

14. 

After rain forests are cleared for planting,
a.
the soil loses its fertility within two years.
b.
farmers raise crops for many years.
c.
the forests grow back within a decade.
d.
cattle graze on grass for decades.
 

15. 

Which statement about Latin America’s physical geography is true?
a.
The geography is the same throughout the region.
b.
The geography is rarely affected by natural disasters.
c.
The geography makes the region especially vulnerable to natural disasters.
d.
The geography does not include high mountains.
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

16. 

Argentina, Mexico, and Brazil raise ____________________ on large ranches.
 

 

17. 

Latin American countries depend on ____________________ to obtain goods and food that they cannot produce themselves.
 

 

18. 

Without income to make debt payments, many Latin American governments threatened to ____________________ on their loans during the 1980s.
 

 

19. 

In Peru, many people use ____________________ Internet centers instead of owning their own computers.
 

 

20. 

Many Latin American countries ____________________ cash crops and goods to other countries.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
physical geography
b.
agriculture
c.
Honduras
d.
Ciudad Juárez
e.
debt relief
 

21. 

policy needed to help some Latin American countries carry out economic programs at home
 

22. 

Mexican city that has many maquiladoras (manufacturing plants built by foreign-owned businesses)
 

23. 

one of the factors that has limited the growth of industry
 

24. 

country devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998
 

25. 

mainstay of the Latin American economy
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
out-migration
b.
Gulf of Fonseca
c.
satellite imaging
d.
increasing greenhouse effect
e.
Madidi National Park
 

26. 

technology that can help forecast hurricanes
 

27. 

rain forest area that is threatened by a dam
 

28. 

location of clash over fishing rights among Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador
 

29. 

partial result of clearing large areas of rain forest in the Amazon Basin
 

30. 

movement of Latin Americans to other continents
 



 
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