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Guided Reading 1.2

Modified True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.  If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true.
 

1. 

The two major branches of geography are physical geography and ecology.

 

2. 

Physical geographers study the earths physical features.

 

3. 

Human geography is the study of human activities such as politics, economics, and science.

 

4. 

One of the specialized research methods geographers use in their work is direct observation.

 

5. 

Geographers who make or design maps are known as cartographers.

 

6. 

Photographing people helps geographers learn how people think or feel about a place.

 

7. 

Computers help geographers use technology to simplify complex data.

 

8. 

Satellites, computers, and geographic information systems are types of technology used by geographers.

 

9. 

The study of cartography and government helps geographers understand how places have changed over time.

 

10. 

By studying economics, geographers learn how the location of cities affects various economic activities.

 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

A geographer who teaches students is called a(n)
a.
economic geographer.
b.
geographic educator.
c.
physical geographer.
d.
environmental specialist.
 

12. 

Geographers often test their research by using
a.
kilometers.
b.
percentages.
c.
multiplication.
d.
statistics.
 

13. 

The development of ____ transformed the process of mapmaking.
a.
computer technology
b.
cellular telephones
c.
better papers
d.
improved cameras
 

14. 

One of the two major branches of geography is
a.
physics.
b.
meteorology.
c.
human geography.
d.
animal geography.
 

15. 

Geographers study ____ to learn how people in different places are governed.
a.
history
b.
economics
c.
computer science
d.
political science
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

16. 

Much geographic information can be explained more easily on ____________________ than in written texts.
 

 

17. 

A ____________________ geographer studies human activities and their relationship to culture.
 

 

18. 

Geographers want to know how places are chosen for ____________________ activities, such as farming, mining, and manufacturing.
 

 

19. 

Geographers use ____________________ to help them understand what places looked like in the past.
 

 

20. 

Many geographers use ____________________ to understand complex data.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
satellites and computers
b.
cartography
c.
cultures
d.
interviewing
e.
physical geography
 

21. 

the study of maps and mapmaking
 

22. 

method geographers use to find out how people think or feel
 

23. 

scientific instruments used by geographers
 

24. 

human social structures
 

25. 

the study of the earth’s physical features
 



 
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